- Current section: Introduction
- Learning outcomes
- 1. Extract 1 Understanding health and healing
- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 What is health?
- 1.3 Components and origins of health beliefs
- 1.4 Influences on health and illness behaviour
- 1.5 Models of health care delivery
- 1.6 Models of health care delivery: the biomedical model
- 1.7 Models of health care delivery: the biopsychosocial model
- 1.8 Models of health care delivery: the salutogenic model
- 1.9 Models of health care delivery: alternative or holistic models
- 1.10 Concepts of healing: philosophies underpinning CAM practice
- 1.11 Researching health beliefs and CAM users' expectations
- 1.12 Conclusion to Extract 1
- 1.13 Extract 1 References
- 2. Extract 2 Critical issues in the therapeutic relationship
- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 Users' experiences of the therapeutic relationship
- 2.3 Changing notions of the therapeutic relationship and responsibility
- 2.4 Ownership, control and ideas about the body
- 2.5 The therapeutic relationship as a placebo
- 2.6 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships
- 2.7 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: breach of boundaries
- 2.8 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: wounded healers
- 2.9 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: creating dependency to satisfy practitioners' emotional and financial needs
- 2.10 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: sexual abuse and exploitation
- 2.11 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: complaints
- 2.12 The future of the therapeutic relationship
- 2.13 Conclusion
- 2.14 Extract 2 References
- 3. Extract 3 Ethics in complementary and alternative medicine
- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 Ethics and health care relationships
- 3.3 Why ethical behaviour is central to the health care relationship
- 3.4 Myths about ethics
- 3.4.1 Practitioners know intuitively what it means to act ethically
- 3.4.2 CAM practitioners are more ethical than conventional doctors
- 3.4.3 Respecting autonomy is the foremost ethical principle in health care
- 3.4.4 Law imposes more stringent requirements than ethics
- 3.4.5 What can be agreed about ethics?
- 3.5 The principles underlying ethical practice
- 3.6 Ethical practice and accountability: the role and function of professional bodies
- 3.7 Ethical practice and accountability: individual practitioners’ responsibilities
- 3.8 The centrality of consent
- 3.9 Acting ethically: tools for analysis
- 3.10 Difficulties in applying conventional bioethics to the CAM relationship
- 3.11 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners
- 3.12 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: competence
- 3.13 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: research
- 3.14 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: negotiation of contracts with users
- 3.15 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: respect for autonomy and consent
- 3.16 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: consent for children receiving CAM
- 3.17 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: respect confidentiality
- 3.18 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: maintain professional boundaries
- 3.19 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: professional etiquette and whistleblowing
- 3.20 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: an effective complaints mechanism
- 3.21 Conclusion
- 3.22 Extract 3 References
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Issues in complementary and alternative medicine
Why are so many people now turning to complementary and alternative medicine and why do...
Why are so many people now turning to complementary and alternative medicine and why do approaches to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) raise such controversy? This unit explores the following three key areas: ‘Why people use complementary and alternative medicine’, ‘Critical issues in the therapeutic relationship’ and ‘Ethics in complementary and alternative medicine’.
By the end of this unit you should be able to:
- understand the diversity of values associated with the use and provision of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) and explore some of the legal and ethical issues associated with CAM use;
- reflect upon and critically evaluate personal and lived experiences of health in relation to CAM;
- relate ethics and values to your own personal situation and to that of others within a given case study or scenario;
- analyse some of the theoretical and professional rationales relating to allopathic and complementary health modalities.
Issues in complementary and alternative medicine
The stresses of modern living take their toll in terms of our health. This unit is formed from three extracts. The first extract is called ‘Understanding why people use complementary and alternative medicine'. This part discusses: the meaning of health, its origins in terms of components and beliefs. Also models of health care delivery are discussed together with concepts and beliefs about complementary and alternative medicine. Extract two 'Critical issues in the therapeutic relationship' examines: users’ experiences, changing notions of the relationship and issues surrounding the therapeutic relationship. The last extract 'Ethics in complementary and alternative medicine' is about: ethics in health care relationships and ethical behaviour. Ethical practice and accountability are also discussed in terms of professional bodies and individual practitioners’. This extract ends with the key ethical issues which are important for complementary and alternative medicine practitioners.
This unit is from our archive and is an adapted extract from Perspectives on complementary and alternative medicine (K221) which is no longer taught by The Open University. If you want to study formally with us, you may wish to explore other courses we offer in this.
This is an extract from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Health Studies course units or view the range of currently available OU Health Studies courses.