Issues in complementary and alternative medicine
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- Learning outcomes
- 1. Extract 1 Understanding health and healing
- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 What is health?
- 1.3 Components and origins of health beliefs
- 1.4 Influences on health and illness behaviour
- 1.5 Models of health care delivery
- 1.6 Models of health care delivery: the biomedical model
- 1.7 Models of health care delivery: the biopsychosocial model
- 1.8 Models of health care delivery: the salutogenic model
- 1.9 Models of health care delivery: alternative or holistic models
- 1.10 Concepts of healing: philosophies underpinning CAM practice
- 1.11 Researching health beliefs and CAM users' expectations
- 1.12 Conclusion to Extract 1
- 1.13 Extract 1 References
- 2. Extract 2 Critical issues in the therapeutic relationship
- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 Users' experiences of the therapeutic relationship
- 2.3 Changing notions of the therapeutic relationship and responsibility
- 2.4 Ownership, control and ideas about the body
- 2.5 The therapeutic relationship as a placebo
- 2.6 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships
- 2.7 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: breach of boundaries
- 2.8 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: wounded healers
- 2.9 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: creating dependency to satisfy practitioners' emotional and financial needs
- 2.10 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: sexual abuse and exploitation
- 2.11 The failure of CAM therapeutic relationships: complaints
- 2.12 The future of the therapeutic relationship
- 2.13 Conclusion
- 2.14 Extract 2 References
- 3. Extract 3 Ethics in complementary and alternative medicine
- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 Ethics and health care relationships
- 3.3 Why ethical behaviour is central to the health care relationship
- 3.4 Myths about ethics
- 3.4.1 Practitioners know intuitively what it means to act ethically
- 3.4.2 CAM practitioners are more ethical than conventional doctors
- 3.4.3 Respecting autonomy is the foremost ethical principle in health care
- 3.4.4 Law imposes more stringent requirements than ethics
- 3.4.5 What can be agreed about ethics?
- 3.5 The principles underlying ethical practice
- 3.6 Ethical practice and accountability: the role and function of professional bodies
- 3.7 Ethical practice and accountability: individual practitioners’ responsibilities
- 3.8 The centrality of consent
- 3.9 Acting ethically: tools for analysis
- 3.10 Difficulties in applying conventional bioethics to the CAM relationship
- 3.11 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners
- 3.12 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: competence
- 3.13 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: research
- 3.14 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: negotiation of contracts with users
- 3.15 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: respect for autonomy and consent
- 3.16 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: consent for children receiving CAM
- 3.17 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: respect confidentiality
- 3.18 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: maintain professional boundaries
- 3.19 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: professional etiquette and whistleblowing
- 3.20 Key ethical issues for CAM practitioners: an effective complaints mechanism
- 3.21 Conclusion
- 3.22 Extract 3 References
- Keep on learning
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