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Exploring sport online: Athletes and efficient hearts
We all know that the heart is very important but what exactly does the heart do? Why is...
We all know that the heart is very important but what exactly does the heart do? Why is the blood so important? What functions do the lungs perform? In this unit, we will try to provide at least a basic understanding so we can answer these questions and begin to understand why knowing about the heart is important for all sports people. Before that we will take a look at the human body.
Here's how the sections of this unit can help you.
- A first look at the human body gives you the opportunity to gain an overall appreciation of how the body works in a scientific sense, and understand that a scientific view is necessary for us to study how performance in sport is linked to performance of the body.
- Athletes and efficient hearts explains the function of the heart briefly and looks at the importance of healthy hearts in sport.
- The heart and blood looks at the topic of blood and blood flow.
- Athletes, oxygen and the lungs examines the role of oxygen and the lungs and how they affect the sporting performance of an athlete.
- Current section: Introduction
- Learning outcomes
- 1 What to expect
- 2 A first look at the human body
- 3 The heart, blood and the lungs
- 4 Athletes and efficient hearts
- 5 The heart and blood
- 6 Athletes, oxygen and the lungs
Exploring sport online: Athletes and efficient hearts
With the announcement of the summer Olympics coming to London in 2012, fierce competition between football clubs in the domestic league, and developments in coaching and training throughout all areas of physical fitness, there has never been a better time to learn more about sport. Many of us take for granted what we know about sport, whether we participate or spectate. But have you ever thought about delving deeper, to find out more about the sport you follow in particular and how it fits into ideas about sport more generally? This unit is the ideal place to start.
Sport and science have become increasingly interlinked in recent years. We need only to think of an Olympic team – which used to be mostly made up of athletes but now is likely to include a squad of almost equal size comprising non-athletic staff such as specialist coaches, trainers, sports psychologists and nutritionists – to realise how science is now a major part of sport. Elite athletes in all sports now spend a large amount of their training time with these types of specialist staff to ensure that their bodies and minds are prepared for competition in as scientific a manner as possible. Away from the elite level, there is also an increasing awareness of the benefits of a sound scientific basis to sport, training and even just basic health. Many ordinary people training in local sports centres and gymnasiums can name all their major muscle groups, know the training procedures needed to strengthen these muscles, and are aware of the effect on their bodies of the types of food and drink they consume.
In this unit you will look at how sport can be understood from a scientific perspective, focussing on specific details while maintaining a broad overview of the subject using examples from many different sports such as running, athletics, cycling and swimming to illustrate the different ways in which sport and science interact.
This unit is an adapted extract from Y164 Exploring sport online, a course which is no longer taught by The Open University, but which was part of our Openings Programme which has been replaced by our Access modules. This unit gives a good idea of the level of study on these modules.
If you want to study formally with us, you may wish to explore other courses we offer in this.
If you are new to Higher Education you may want to consider our Access module Y032 People, work and society.
This is an extract from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Sport and Fitness course units or view the range of currently available OU Sport and Fitness courses.