EPOCH Psychology history timeline
EPOCH Psychology history timeline

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EPOCH Psychology history timeline

Activity 1: Using the timeline

This activity requires you to use the EPoCH timeline to find the answers to the questions listed below. Remember that as well as scrolling from left to right (i.e. backwards and forwards in time) you can also scroll up and down the timeline – revealing the full listing of psychologists and researchers included in the EPoCH resource.

Hint:

The EPoCH resource presents information about individual researchers, their contexts and methods as well as details about psychological topics and perspectives. Each of these aspects can be accessed by clicking on the named icons.

The resource is, in fact, a Compendium knowledge map with many different connections. Note that you can access the same information by taking a number of different routes.

Biography information, for example, is visible when you click on an individual's name in the timeline. You'll then see information about that person as well as their connections to other psychologists and psychological contexts.

One approach to question 1, for example, might be to examine the timeline and look for psychologists who were born in, or near, 1939, the start of the Second World War. Click on each individual's name and then read the associated text to discover the name of the individual who carried out research at the Tavistock clinic in the early 1950s.

When you are ready to answer the activity questions and explore the EPoCH resource:

Click here to access the EPoCH resource [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)]

Activity 1

  1. Which developmental psychologist was born at the start of the Second World War and what did she research at the Tavistock Clinic in the early 1950s?

  2. Who started work in 1838 and who influenced this person?

  3. In which decade did the ‘Anti-psychiatry movement’ begin and what book exemplified this movement?

  4. Which began first, the use of the ‘Information Processing Metaphor’ or ‘Post modernism/French Social Theory’ in psychology and which of these asserts that we live in a fragmented world with multiple realities?

  5. Which psychologist started work in 1928 and what led him to develop the concept of ‘optic flow’?

You can compare your findings with the following answers by clicking 'Now read the answer' below.

Answer

  1. Mary Ainsworth worked at the Tavistock clinic in the early 1950s, mainly working on research into the effects of 'maternal deprivation’.

  2. Francis Galton started work in 1838 and he was influenced by Charles Darwin.

  3. 1960 and ‘Myth of Mental Illness’ by Thomas Szasz.

  4. The use of the ‘Information Processing Metaphor’ began first and ‘Post- modernisms/French Social Theory’ asserts that we live in a fragmented world with multiple realities.

  5. James Jerome Gibson and his study of pilots when taking off and landing led him to develop the concept of ‘optic flow’.

DSE212_2

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