EPOCH Psychology history timeline
EPOCH Psychology history timeline

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EPOCH Psychology history timeline

Activity 4: Exploring topics

There are fifty-eight psychological topics presented on the EPoCH resource. This activity, therefore, relies on your recent experience of using the Compendium knowledge maps as well as your ability to interpret the questions efficiently. Figure 8 shows the wide variety of topics listed.

Described image
Figure 8 The psychological topics presented in the EPoCH resource

Hint:

To complete the following activities you need to click on the 'Topics' icon above the historical timeline. The question itself will include mention of the topic and to find the complete answer you will have to explore the figures associated with the topic.

Once again you will notice that an asterisk is present adjacent to each named topic – the associated text describes the topic.

In addition you may notice that many of the topics also have a number beneath them. This indicates that there is a link to other parts of the EPoCH resource. If you click on the number a list of links will appear – by clicking on name in that list you will be taken to the biography of that person.

When you are ready to answer the activity questions and explore the EPoCH resource: Click here to access the EPoCH resource [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)]

Activity 4

  1. How have attitudes been sub-divided and who developed the theory of cognitive dissonance?

  2. Which skills are affected by autism and who has been associated with this topic and also with the development of a model of memory?

  3. What is meant by ‘working memory’ and which female figure (influenced by Noam Chomsky) conducted research into aspects of memory in everyday life that included a large-scale study of Open University students?

  4. What does non-verbal communication refer to and what topic is related?

  5. Who are the major theorists of moral development and who systematically observed his own children?

You can compare your findings with the following answers by clicking 'Now read the answer' below.

Answer

  1. Attitudes have been sub-divided into affective, behavioural and cognitive aspects. Leon Festinger developed the theory of cognitive dissonance.

  2. Autism affects physical, social and language skills. John Morton is best known for a model of memory known as the ‘logogen model’.

  3. Working memory holds information for a short period of time allowing it to be used in cognitive processes (e.g. arithmetic or reading). Gillian Cohen has conducted research on memory in everyday life including a large-scale study of Open University students.

  4. Non-verbal communication refers to aspects such as gestures, body posture and facial expressions. Emotion is a related topic.

  5. Piaget and Kohlberg are the major theorists of moral development, and Piaget together with his wife, systematically observed his children.

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