The autistic spectrum: From theory to practice
The autistic spectrum: From theory to practice

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The autistic spectrum: From theory to practice

3.5 Section summary

  • Asperger worked independently of Kanner during the 1940s. His case studies, including intellectually able children, highlighted variations in severity and in specific symptoms among children identified as autistic.

  • Wing and Gould's population study established the spectrum concept.

  • The term Asperger's syndrome is used for symptom patterns similar to autism, but less pervasive. The significance of language and communication difficulties in this group is currently uncertain.

  • Savant skills present a particular challenge to understanding the spectrum.

    Continuum and sub-group approaches to autism have complementary explanatory, diagnostic and practical functions.

  • Follow-up studies of autism suggest lifelong consequences in most cases. Many individuals achieve considerable social and personal adjustment, but may continue to experience difference and isolation.

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