from The Open University
Alternatively you can skip the navigation by pressing 'Enter'.
Life: Creatures of the DeepThursday, 11th February 2016 10:00 - Eden EdenLife under the waves. Read more: Life: Creatures of the Deep
The London Markets: The Fruit And Veg Market: Inside New SpitafieldsAvailable until Sunday, 13th March 2016 00:40The fruit and veg trade in England was once a closed world dominated by traditional British costermonger families.... Read more: The London Markets: The Fruit And Veg Market: Inside New Spitafields
The Bottom Line: Winter 2015-16: Customer ServiceAvailable for over a year
Thinking Allowed 2016: Consumerism, Work-life balanceAvailable for over a year
More or Less: E-cigs, politics, school and birthdaysAvailable for over a year
OpenLearn Live: 10th February 2016A king with long arms; and the debate about assisted suicide. Free learning across the day. Read more: OpenLearn Live: 10th February 2016
Take the photographic memory testCan you capture scenes just by looking at them? Find out with our photographic memory test. Launch now: Take the photographic memory test
Landschaftliche VielfaltGerman regions and landscapes, local traditions and the notion of Heimat are at the centre of... Try: Landschaftliche Vielfalt now
English: skills for learningEnglish: skills for learning, is a free course for anybody who is thinking of studying for a... Try: English: skills for learning now
This free course, Lennox Castle Hospital, looks at the history of institutions in the twentieth century, starting with a case study of Lennox Castle Hospital. It tries to make sense of the history of Lennox Castle, and of institutional life in general, through testimony of those who experienced institutions as inmates and as nurses, as well as through Erving Goffman's model of the 'total institution'. It examines the social bases of segregation, the professionalisation of staff in asylums and institutions, and campaigns for change in the treatment of those segregated from society in institutions.
After studying this unit you should be able to:
- use Goffman’s model of ‘the total institution’ to organise and explain information that has been observed and recorded;
- describe the development of large-scale institutions in the nineteenth century which were designed to segregate, control and in some cases, cure, their inmates.
- Current section: Introduction
- Learning outcomes
- 1 Lennox Castle Hospital: a twentieth century institution
- 2 Institutions: an outline history
- 2.1 Institutions and segregation
- 2.2 1 Social Darwinism and eugenics
- 2.2.2 Treatment regimes
- 2.2.4 Activity: segregation today
- 2.2.5 The emergence of asylum professionals
- 2.2.6 Skills for the attendants
- 2.2.7 Resistance to institutions
- 2.2.8 Campaigns for change
- 2.2.9 Professionalisation
- 2.2.10 Civil liberties campaigns
- 2.2.11 Scandals, treatments and cost saving
- 2.2.12 Activity: living through change
- Keep on learning
Study this free course
Enrol to access the full course, get recognition for the skills you learn, track your progress and on completion gain a statement of participation to demonstrate your learning to others. Make your learning visible!
Lennox Castle Hospital
In this unit we consider some of the issues raised by Howard Mitchell who has made a special study of Lennox Castle Hospital, about ten miles from Glasgow at Lennoxtown. His study is the subject of the video clips that accompany this block. Lennox Castle Hospital belongs to the period of the 1920s and 1930s when separate provision for people with learning difficulties was being developed following the 1913 Mental Deficiency Act.
This material is from our archive and is an adapted extract from Understanding Health and Social Care (K100) which is no longer taught by The Open University. If you want to study formally with us, you may wish to explore other courses we offer in this.
This free course includes adapted extracts from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Social Care courses or view the range of currently available OU Social Care courses.
Copyright & revisions
Originally published: Thursday, 16th February 2012
Last updated on: Tuesday, 14th July 2015
- Creative-Commons: The Open University is proud to release this free course under a Creative Commons licence. However, any third-party materials featured within it are used with permission and are not ours to give away. These materials are not subject to the Creative Commons licence. See terms and conditions. Full details can be found in the Acknowledgements and our FAQs section.
- This site has Copy Reuse Tracking enabled - see our FAQs for more information.
If you enjoyed this, why not follow a feed to find out when we have new things like it? Choose an RSS feed from the list below. (Don't know what to do with RSS feeds?)
Remember, you can also make your own, personal feed by combining tags from around OpenLearn.
All our alternative formats are free for you to download, for more information about the different formats we offer please see our FAQs. The most frequently used are Word (for accessibility), PDF (for print) and ePub and Kindle to download to eReaders*.
*Please note you will need an ePub and Mobi reader for these formats.