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This free course, Lennox Castle Hospital, looks at the history of institutions in the twentieth century, starting with a case study of Lennox Castle Hospital. It tries to make sense of the history of Lennox Castle, and of institutional life in general, through testimony of those who experienced institutions as inmates and as nurses, as well as through Erving Goffman's model of the 'total institution'. It examines the social bases of segregation, the professionalisation of staff in asylums and institutions, and campaigns for change in the treatment of those segregated from society in institutions.
After studying this course, you should be able to:
- use Goffman’s model of ‘the total institution’ to organise and explain information that has been observed and recorded
- describe the development of large-scale institutions in the nineteenth century which were designed to segregate, control and in some cases, cure, their inmates.
- Current section: Introduction
- Learning outcomes
- 1 Lennox Castle Hospital: a twentieth century institution
- 2 Institutions: an outline history
- 2.1 Institutions and segregation
- 2.2 1 Social Darwinism and eugenics
- 2.2.2 Treatment regimes
- 2.2.4 Activity: segregation today
- 2.2.5 The emergence of asylum professionals
- 2.2.6 Skills for the attendants
- 2.2.7 Resistance to institutions
- 2.2.8 Campaigns for change
- 2.2.9 Professionalisation
- 2.2.10 Civil liberties campaigns
- 2.2.11 Scandals, treatments and cost saving
- 2.2.12 Activity: living through change
- Keep on learning
Study this free course
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Lennox Castle Hospital
In this course we consider some of the issues raised by Howard Mitchell who has made a special study of Lennox Castle Hospital, about ten miles from Glasgow at Lennoxtown. His study is the subject of the video clips that accompany this block. Lennox Castle Hospital belongs to the period of the 1920s and 1930s when separate provision for people with learning difficulties was being developed following the 1913 Mental Deficiency Act.
This OpenLearn course provides a sample of Level 1 study in.
This free course includes adapted extracts from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Social Care courses or view the range of currently available OU Social Care courses.
Copyright & revisions
Originally published: Friday, 26th February 2016
Last updated on: Friday, 26th February 2016
- Creative-Commons: The Open University is proud to release this free course under a Creative Commons licence. However, any third-party materials featured within it are used with permission and are not ours to give away. These materials are not subject to the Creative Commons licence. See terms and conditions. Full details can be found in the Acknowledgements and our FAQs section.
- This site has Copy Reuse Tracking enabled - see our FAQs for more information.
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