2.2 Post-meal lipidaemia
Lipidaemia (or lipaemia, the presence of fat in the blood) is associated with atherosclerosis. Studies have shown that exercise either just before or after a meal is effective in reducing lipidaemia, by increasing fat utilisation. Sharkey and Gaskill state that exercise before eating may inhibit the appetite and increase fat metabolism, since the metabolic rate remains high immediately after exercise, and that a post-meal walk or other physical activity is also able to reduce lipidaemia. Because metabolism remains high after exercise, this may be the best time to eat a meal if weight loss is the goal.