The Open University since 2006
Alternatively you can skip the navigation by pressing 'Enter'.
Scotland and The Battle for Britain: Episode 1Wednesday, 28th September 2016 01:35 - BBC Two (except Scotland)Andrew Marr discovers why the Scotland he was born in has changed so much politically. Read more: Scotland and The Battle for Britain: Episode 1
Life Story: ParenthoodAvailable until Sunday, 30th October 2016 01:00Some parents are more closely involved than others. Read more: Life Story: Parenthood
Life Story: CourtshipAvailable until Sunday, 23rd October 2016 01:25
BBC Inside Science - 2016/2017 series: What's left to explore?Available for over a year
Scotland and The Battle for Britain: Episode 2Available until Friday, 21st October 2016 01:35
European Day of LanguagesHappy European Day of Languages! Find out more about why we should celebrate language... Read more: European Day of Languages
Take the photographic memory testCan you capture scenes just by looking at them? Find out with our photographic memory test. Launch now: Take the photographic memory test
The lottery of birthThis free course, The lottery of birth, will look at both the big picture of the ‘lottery of... Try: The lottery of birth now
Organisations and management accountingThis free course, Organisations and management accounting, examines the nature of organisations,... Try: Organisations and management accounting now
The music of Mozart has been used to examine the foreground and middleground of harmony in free courses AA314_1 and AA314_2. In this free course, Voice-leading analysis of music 3: the background, you will use Beethoven's Eighth Symphony to consider the largest-scale stage of voice-leading analysis.
After studying this course, you should be able to:
- describe the nature of the background structure of a piece of tonal music
- understand the difference between analysis which is definitely right or wrong and that which is dependent on individual judgement
- relate the notes of a background graph and the indications of bar numbers to specific events in the musical score
- understand the sorts of decisions and observations that go towards analysing the background structure of a piece of music
- recognise the analytical statements about the various parts of a piece of music that are contained in a background graph.
- Current section: Introduction
- Learning outcomes
- 1 Voice-leading analysis of form
- 2 Analysing the form of the Minuet and Trio
- 3 Analysing the form of the first movement
- 4 Voice-leading analysis and sonata form
- 5 Conclusion
- Keep on learning
Study this free course
Enrol to access the full course, get recognition for the skills you learn, track your progress and on completion gain a statement of participation to demonstrate your learning to others. Make your learning visible!
Voice-leading analysis of music 3: the background
This course analyses the ‘voice leading’ of the harmony. The method of going about this kind of analysis is applicable to any piece of tonal music. Just as Mozart's piano sonatas are an excellent source of examples for studying the voice leading at the foreground and middleground of the harmony, so Beethoven's Eighth Symphony is also an ideal work in which to start to consider the largest-scale stage of voice-leading analysis.
This course requires you to switch between several different formats of material. This reflects the particular nature of analysis, where you are constantly comparing what you write out, or see in the score or analytical graph, with what you can hear – a difficult job! So make every effort to work through these materials in the manner and order suggested.
Please note that you should have studied OpenLearn courses AA314_2 Voice-leading analysis of music 2: the middleground before attempting this course.and
This OpenLearn course provides a sample of Level 3 study in Arts and Humanities.
The materials upon which this course is based have been authored by Robert Samuels.
This free course includes adapted extracts from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Music courses or view the range of currently available OU Music courses.
Copyright & revisions
Originally published: Monday, 8th February 2016
Last updated on: Monday, 8th February 2016
- Creative-Commons: The Open University is proud to release this free course under a Creative Commons licence. However, any third-party materials featured within it are used with permission and are not ours to give away. These materials are not subject to the Creative Commons licence. See terms and conditions. Full details can be found in the Acknowledgements and our FAQs section.
- This site has Copy Reuse Tracking enabled - see our FAQs for more information.
If you enjoyed this, why not follow a feed to find out when we have new things like it? Choose an RSS feed from the list below. (Don't know what to do with RSS feeds?)
Remember, you can also make your own, personal feed by combining tags from around OpenLearn.
All our alternative formats are free for you to download, for more information about the different formats we offer please see our FAQs. The most frequently used are Word (for accessibility), PDF (for print) and ePub and Kindle to download to eReaders*.
- Word (1.3 MB)
- PDF (1.8 MB)
- ePub 3.0 (90.5 MB)
- ePub 2.0 (943 KB)
- Kindle (579 KB)
- RSS (264 KB)
- HTML (90.7 MB)
- SCORM (90.7 MB)
- OUXML Package (27 KB)
- OUXML File (105 KB)
- IMS Common cartridge
- Moodle backup (104.1 MB)
*Please note you will need an ePub and Mobi reader for these formats.