Skip to content

Greek Myth in the 'Whoniverse'

Updated Wednesday 20th November 2013

In her tribute to the fiftieth anniversary of Doctor Who, Amanda examines how the TV programme has flirted with Greek mythology.

Theseus slays the Minotaur Copyrighted image Icon Copyright: Konstantin Semenov | Theseus slays the Minotaur Throughout its fifty year history Doctor Who has flirted with Greek mythology in different ways in different eras. The first Doctor Who episode featuring Greek myth was The Myth Makers from 1965 starring William Hartnell as the Doctor, based on the story of the Trojan War. This is treated as a historical episode, with the Doctor and his companions visiting the bronze age city of Troy. They bring an end to the conflict when the Doctor suggests a wooden horse should be built. In Time Monster (1972) Jon Pertwee as the Doctor follows the Master to ancient Atlantis where the Doctor destroys the Minotaur in a maze before Kronos, a creature from outside time, is released, and destroys the city. Like the Myth Makers, which suggests that the Doctor causes the fall of Troy, Time Monster suggests that the intervention of Master and the Doctor causes the destruction of Atlantis.

In Tom Baker episodes Underworld (1978) and The Horns of Nimon (1979-80) stories from Greek mythology are transposed to create episodes set in space with thinly veiled clues pointing to the origin stories. Underworld is a version of Jason and the Argonauts, featuring the characters Jackson and Herrick (Jason and Heracles), and The Horns of Nimon retells the story of Theseus and the Minotaur with Seth (Theseus) facing the Nimon (Minotaur).

In the Russell T. Davies era no episodes of Doctor Who featured plots or characters from Greek mythology, but during this period myth did feature in spin off series The Sarah Jane Adventures and Torchwood. In The Eye of the Gorgon (The Sarah Jane Adventures 2007) an alien Gorgon with the power to turn people to stone is discovered disguised as a nun, and in Greeks Bearing Gifts (Torchwood 2006) an alien likens herself to the marooned Philoctetes in order to gain the trust of Toshiko.

The Eye of the Gorgon suggests that the mythological Gorgons were in fact aliens, and encourages young viewers that knowledge gained from books can have practical uses, as Maria uses what she has learned from Sarah Jane’s book on Greek mythology about Perseus and Medusa to destroy the Gorgon. Greeks Bearing Gifts has a more tentative relationship with the myth, as although the alien ‘Mary’ likens herself to Philoctetes, she turns out to be a murderess rather than an innocent victim like Philoctetes.

When Steven Moffat took over from Davies as showrunner two episodes in sixth season of Doctor Who with Matt Smith as the Doctor featured classical monsters, The God Complex (2011) featuring a Minotaur and The Curse of the Black Spot (2011) featuring a Siren. Both of these episodes featured classical monsters divorced from their classical setting.

In The God Complex an alien Minotaur is imprisoned in a maze-like hotel to feed on people who have a strong faith, and in The Curse of the Black Spot a holographic medical programme takes the injured onto her spaceship in order to save them. Both the Minotaur and the Siren are sympathetically portrayed, but many viewers who took part in my online fan research into these episodes ultimately felt that more could be made of these classical monsters. These episodes, like the earlier episodes of Doctor Who featuring stories or characters from Greek myth, were not particular fan favourites.

Some fans of Doctor Who are also fans of Greek mythology, and have written Doctor Who fan fiction incorporating classical monsters such as the Sirens before The Curse of the Black Spot was broadcast. Fan writers are keen to display their knowledge of classical myth, and even in relationship-centred stories they bring in detail from classical texts, such as Odysseus’ use of wax to stop his sailors’ ears to prevent them from hearing the song of the Sirens.

In many cases the stories written by fans are engaging with the myth on a deeper level than episodes like The Curse of the Black Spot, where the Siren becomes merely the monster of the week. As Doctor Who reaches its fiftieth anniversary we can potentially look forward to new uses of Greek mythology in the 'Whoniverse' that are more popular with fans, meanwhile while Doctor Who has been off air, BBC1 has been broadcasting Atlantis on Saturday nights, a series based on Greek mythology aimed at the Doctor Who audience . 

CORRECTION: When originally published, the accompanying image was incorrectly labelled as 'Hercules and Minotaur'. This was because of a mislabelling of the image by the company which supplied the photo, but muddling up Hercules and Theseus is like confusing Captain Jack and Rose Tyler; we should have spotted it. Apologies for the error


For further information, take a look at our frequently asked questions which may give you the support you need.

Have a question?

Other content you may like

History & The Arts 

Myth in the Greek and Roman Worlds: the Temple of Diana at Nemi

How was mythology used by ancient Romans in their everyday lives? At Nemi to the south of Rome, the sanctuary of the goddess Diana provides us with a snapshot of Roman life and society. This album explores some of the fragments of objects found at the site of Diana's temple, such as a street entertainer's clay lamp, an ex-slave's votive statue and a miniature model of the Temple itself. Containing significant clues about social mobility, these cult objects reveal how lower social classes used mythical stories to empower themselves. This material forms part of The Open University course A330 Myth in the Greek and Roman worlds.

45 mins

History & The Arts 

Myth at the heart of the Roman Empire

How and why did ancient Romans use myth to validate their power? Emperor Augustus legitimised his rule by entwining his own ancestry with the mythical stories of Rome's foundation, and created a divine aura around Rome as capital of the vast empire. This album visits key emblems associated with Rome's beginnings: the Forum and the Capitoline Hill with its statue of the she-wolf and Romulus and Remus; the Emperor Augustus's palace and ceremonial altar, and the 17th Century D'Arpino frescos of foundation myths commissioned by Pope Innocent X to underpin his authority. By monumentalising and glorifying their real and legendary past, Romans painted their own history and this continues to encapsulate Roman identity today. This material forms part of The Open University course A330 Myth in the Greek and Roman worlds.

55 mins
History of reading tutorial 3: Famous writers and their reading - Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Vernon Lee Copyrighted image Icon Copyright: Used with permission free course icon Level 2 icon

History & The Arts 

History of reading tutorial 3: Famous writers and their reading - Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Vernon Lee

Have you ever wondered about the reading tastes and habits of famous writers in the past? This free course, History of reading tutorial 3: Famous writers and their reading Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Vernon Lee, is the third tutorial in a series designed to help users of the UK Reading Experience Database (UK RED) search, browse and use this resource, and explores the connections between the evidence of a writers reading and their literary output. The previous tutorials focus on methods of uncovering evidence of reading, and the use of evidence to understand the reception of a literary text. UK RED is a resource built and maintained at The Open University.

Free course
1 hr
The real places that inspired Eliot Copyrighted image Icon Copyright: The Open University video icon

History & The Arts 

The real places that inspired Eliot

See George Eliot’s manuscript and the fictional names she gave to real places.

5 mins
Studying the arts and humanities Copyrighted image Icon Copyright: Used with permission free course icon Level 1 icon

History & The Arts 

Studying the arts and humanities

This free course is an introduction to studying the arts and humanities. It takes you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and improve your confidence as an independent learner.

Free course
4 hrs
Walk with Laurie Lee Creative commons image Icon Alun Ward [CC BY-NC-SA 2.0], via Flickr Creative Commons under Creative-Commons license activity icon

History & The Arts 

Walk with Laurie Lee

Go on an adventure with Cider with Rosie as you find out what happened next and go on a walk with Laurie Lee.

World-Changing Women: Marie-Louise Girardin Copyright free image Icon Copyright free: Public domain article icon

History & The Arts 

World-Changing Women: Marie-Louise Girardin

Marie-Louise Girardin escaped partental disgrace by disguising herself as a man and joining an expedition to the New World. Read about her extraordinary life in this article...

Hadrian's Rome free course icon Level 3 icon

History & The Arts 

Hadrian's Rome

This free course, Hadrian's Rome, explores the city of Rome during the reign of the emperor Hadrian (117-38 CE). What impact did the emperor have on the appearance of the city? What types of structures were built and why? And how did the choices that Hadrian made relate to those of his predecessors, and also of his successors?

Free course
10 hrs
Hound hub Copyrighted image Icon Copyright: © Melektaus83 | article icon

History & The Arts 

Hound hub

Love labradors? Potty about poodles? Explore the Hound hub to find out more about our furry friends.