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The history of medicine: A Scottish perspective
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the approach to medicine was vastly...
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the approach to medicine was vastly different from today. Health is now recognised, at least in most European countries, as a universal right, but what was it like in the past? How did social and political boundaries affect access to treatment, and what were the treatments of the day? This unit examines how Scottish healthcare institutions were influenced by these underlying social, economic, political and cultural contexts.
By the end of this unit you should be able to:
- assess the specific problems concerning the health of a community;
- describe how medical knowledge was a resource for, and was shaped by, broader cultural perceptions of the body.
The history of medicine: a Scottish perspective
This unit presents information about how Scottish healthcare institutions were influenced by the underlying social, economic, political and cultural contexts.
In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a series of innovative models of the body was produced, from the mechanical to the mathematical to the sensible. As groundbreaking anatomical investigation and physiological experimentation were carried out, the map of the body changed, and different parts (vessels, glands, nerves) acquired visibility and became the focus of much research.
This study unit is an adapted extract from the Open University course A218.