Beginners' Chinese
Beginners' Chinese

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Beginners' Chinese

1.2 Pinyin

There are various systems for transcribing Chinese sounds into the Roman alphabet. Pinyin was adopted as the official system in the People’s Republic of China in 1958, and has since become the standard and most-used form of transcription in schools, the media and elsewhere. This course uses pinyin in the teaching of pronunciation.

Read the language note below about pinyin sounds, then go on and complete the activity.

Language note: single finals and initials

Chinese is a vowel-dominated language. In total, there are 35 vowel sounds, known as ‘finals’ because they occur at the end of syllables. The six vowel sounds in Activity 1 are called ‘single finals’ and are written in pinyin as a , e , i , o , u and ü . These simple vowel sounds are put together in various combinations to form 29 ‘compound finals’, which you will learn about later in this course.

There are 23 consonant sounds in Chinese, called ‘initials’ because they appear at the start of syllables. Here are the 23 initials:

b p m f d t n l
g k h w y j q x
z c s zh ch sh r

Activity 1 Finals and initials

When you listen to the audio track below you will hear six single vowels, known as finals in Chinese. Repeat after each sound.

a    e    i    o    u    ü

You will then combine these vowels with some consonants, known as initials in Chinese. Note how similar they sound to some English consonants. Repeat after each sound.

ba    pa    ma    fa    de    te    ne    le    gu    ku    hu    wo    yi

You will then hear some consonants, or initials , combined with the final i . Listen and repeat.

ji    qi    xi    zi    ci    si    zhi    chi    shi    ri

Download this audio clip.
Consonants
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