1.6 Word formation
In this section we talk about combining characters to form new words. You can complete the activities now, but you may also find it valuable to come back to them once you’ve covered the other sections.
Activity 4 Making character combinations
The quiz linked below contains eleven character combinations that have to do with professions, forms of address, pronouns and so on. Drag and drop the appropriate characters to match their English counterparts.
Below you’ll find tables with all the characters used in the quiz for reference.
|I am very well||我很好|
Here are some more combinations of characters:
先 xiān (first) + 生 shēng (new; to be born; strange) = 先生 xiānsheng (Mr; husband; old-fashioned term for teacher)
小 xiǎo (little; young) + 姐 jiĕ (elder sister) = 小姐 xiǎojie (Miss)
北 běi (north) + 京 jīng (capital) = 北京 Běijīng (Beijing)
伦 lún (ethics; human relations) + 敦 dūn (honest) = 伦敦 Lúndūn (London)
地 dì (field; earth; place) + 方 fāng (referring to places and directions) = 地方 dìfang (place)
中 zhōng (central; middle; medium) + 国 guó (country; kingdom) = 中国 Zhōngguó (China)
Activity 5 Word formation
In the quiz linked below, match the characters to their corresponding pinyin and English translations using the drag and drop options provided.
Below you’ll find a table with all the characters used in the quiz for reference.
|好人||hǎo rén||good person|
|生字||shēng zì||new character|
|地名||dì míng||place name|
|人名||rén míng||a person’s name|
|北方||běifāng||northern place; north|