2.2 Professional titles and professions
Read the culture note and the reflection note that follows. Then reflect about your own culture.
Culture: professional titles
China is very much a hierarchical society, where titles are important. Chinese people like to address each other by attaching professional titles or official positions, such as 老师 lăoshī (teacher) or 医生 yīshēng (doctor), to a family name. So you might hear someone being addressed as 李老师 Lĭ lăoshī (Teacher Li) or 王医生 Wáng yīshēng (Doctor Wang), for example.
This practice is also common in Chinese business circles, where job titles such as 经理 jīnglǐ (manager), 主任 zhǔrèn (director) and 总裁 zǒng cái (CEO) are used as forms of address, as well as to refer to someone in the third person. So, for example, a manager whose surname was Wang would be referred to as 王经理 Wáng jīnglĭ (Manager Wang). For CEOs, the form is shortened to 总 zǒng : so a CEO with the surname Li would be referred to and addressed as 李总 Lĭ zǒng .
Reflection point ( 想一想 Xiǎng yi xiǎng )
In what contexts would you address people by their professional titles in your own culture? ‘Minister, could you clarify…’; ‘Madam Chairman, it is clear that…’; ‘Doctor, could you tell me…’ Can you think of any other titles that you would use in everyday life? Does the use of professional titles indicate respect for some professions above others, or is it just a matter of convention? Do you think that forms of address are becoming less formal?
Activity 8 Describing one’s profession and age
Practise saying out aloud someone’s age and profession using the third person pronoun 她 tā (she) or 他 tā (he). Look at the pictures below and describe the profession and age of each person. Let us take Picture 1 as an example:
他是工人。他今年四十九岁。 Tā shì gōngrén . Tā jīnnián sìshíjiŭ suì . (He is a worker. He is 49 years old this year.)
Say it aloud yourself and then play the audio clip to hear a sample answer.
Here are the professions featured in the pictures:
Listen to the audio clip to compare yours with the sample descriptions.
1 他 是 工人。 他 今 年 四 十 九 岁。
Tā shì gōngrén. Tā jīnnián sìshíjiǔ suì.
Tā shì hùshì. Tā jīn nián sānshíyī suì .
3 他是服务员。 他今年二十七岁。
Tā shì fúwùyuán. Tā jīn nián èrshíqī suì.
Tā shì kēxuéjiā. Tā jīn nián wǔshí suì.