Croeso: Beginners' Welsh
Croeso: Beginners' Welsh

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Croeso: Beginners' Welsh

2 Sesiwn 2

In this session you will learn about greetings and introductions, how to count from zero to ten and you will practise the days of the week.

Ymarfer 1

Read these phrases, then listen to them on CD 1 Trac 6 and repeat. Note that the common greeting Sut mae? is pronounced shwmai in South Wales.

Sut mae? How are things/you?
Bore da Good morning
Prynhawn da Good afternoon
Noswaith dda Good evening
Hwyl Goodbye (informal)
Da boch chi Goodbye (formal)
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Transcript: Audio 6

A
Gwrandewch ar y cyfarchion hyn a’u dweud ar ôl y sain:
Listen to these greetings and repeat after the sound:
Sut mae? (SFX) Sut mae?
Bore da (SFX) Bore da
Prynhawn da (SFX) Prynhawn da
Noswaith dda (SFX) Noswaith dda
Hwyl (SFX) Hwyl
Da boch chi (SFX) Da boch chi
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Ymarfer 2

Which greeting would you use at different times of day? Listen to CD 1 Trac 7 and respond appropriately.

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Transcript: Audio 7

B.
How would you greet people at these times?
B.
In the afternoon?
A.
Prynhawn da.
B.
In the morning?
A.
Bore da.
B.
In the evening?
A.
Noswaith dda.
B.
At any time?
A.
Sut mae?
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Ymarfer 3

This is how you introduce yourself. Listen to CD 1 Trac 8 and respond to the prompt.

  • Pwy dych chi? Who are you?

  • ___ dw i. I'm ___.

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Transcript: Audio 8

B.
How do you ask someone who they are and reply? Repeat after the sound using your own name.
A.
Pwy dych chi (SFX) Pwy dych chi?
B.
Nia dw i. (SFX) Nia dw i.
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You may want to add the following:

  • Braf cwrdd â chi. Nice meeting you.

Ymarfer 4

Read the following words and phrases used for introductions. Then go to CD 1 Trac 9, listen to the examples and repeat them in the pause. Note that the common greeting Sut dych chi? is pronounced shwd ŷ chi in South Wales.

Sut dych chi? How are you?
Da iawn, diolch Very well, thank you
Iawn Fine
Go lew/Gweddol OK/Not bad
Wedi blino Tired
Ofnadwy Terrible
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Transcript: Audio 9

A.
Asking how someone feels and responding. Repeat after the sound.
Sut dych chi? (SFX) Sut dych chi?
Da iawn, diolch (SFX) Da iawn, diolch
Iawn (SFX) Iawn
Go lew (SFX) Go lew
Gweddol (SFX) Gweddol
Wedi blino (SFX) Wedi blino
Ofnadwy (SFX) Ofnadwy
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Ymarfer 5

In response to the question Sut dych chi? write an appropriate response to match the symbols.

Answer

You should have written the following:

(a) da iawn (diolch)

(b) ofnadwy

(c) go lew/gweddol

(ch) wedi blino

Ymarfer 6

Now listen to CD 1 Trac 10 where you will hear questions asked of the following people. Give the reply they would offer.

  • a.John – tired

  • b.Elisabeth – very well, thanks

  • c.Tom – terrible

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Transcript: Audio 10

B. Yma, rhaid i chi roi’r ymateb cywir.
Here, give the correct response to the question.
John feels tired, Elisabeth feels very well thanks, Tom feels terrible.
B.
Bore da, John. Sut dych chi?
A.
Wedi blino.
A.
Sut mae, Elisabeth. Sut dych chi?
B.
Da iawn, diolch.
B.
Tom, sut dych chi?
A.
Ofnadwy!
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Ymarfer 7

Read the numbers first and then say them aloud. Then go to CD 1 Trac 11, listen to the pronunciation and repeat after each number.

0 dim
1 un
2 dau
3 tri
4 pedwar
5 pump
6 chwech
7 saith
8 wyth
9 naw
10 deg
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Transcript: Audio 11

B.
Rhifo. Counting.
Dwedwch y rhif ar ôl y sain. Repeat the number after the sound.
A.
dim (SFX) dim
un (SFX) un
dau (SFX) dau
tri (SFX) tri
pedwar (SFX) pedwar
pump (SFX) pump
chwech (SFX) chwech
saith (SFX) saith
wyth (SFX) wyth
naw (SFX) naw
deg (SFX) deg
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Ymarfer 8

Listen to the numbers on CD 1 Trac 12 and say which number comes next.

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Transcript: Audio 12

B.
Say the number which comes next, on hearing the sound.
A.
tri
B.
pedwar
A.
dau
B.
tri
A.
naw
B.
deg
A.
chwec
B.
saith
A.
pump
B.
chwech
A.
dim
B.
un
A.
pedwar
B.
pump
A.
un
B.
dau
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Ymarfer pellach

Here are some more ideas for number practice:

  • learn to say your own telephone number in Welsh

  • whenever you come across numbers during the day, try saying them in Welsh

  • practise counting down from 10 to 0.

Ymarfer 9

Now for some more practice. Say these sums aloud and answer them in Welsh. When you come across ‘+’, say a (and), and for ‘−’ say tynnu (take away).

(a) 3 + 5 =

(b) 9 − 4 =

(c) 3 + 4 − 7 =

(ch) 8 − 5 =

(d) 10 − 1 =

(dd) 3 + 7 =

(e) 4 + 6 − 8 =

Answer

How was your arithmetic? Did your sums go like this?

(a) tri + pump = wyth

(b) naw − pedwar = pump

(c) tri + pedwar − saith = dim

(ch) wyth − pump = tri

(d) deg − un = naw

(dd) tri + saith = deg

(e) pedwar + chwech − wyth = dau

Ymarfer 10

Look at the days of the week and find out what they are called in Welsh. Then turn to CD 1 Trac 13 to practise saying them.

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Transcript: Audio 13

A.
Dyddiau’r wythnos. The days of the week.
Dwedwch y gair ar ôl clywed y sain. Say the word after hearing the sound.
B.
dydd Sul (SFX) dydd Sul
dydd Llun (SFX) dydd Llun
dydd Mawrth (SFX) dydd Mawrth
dydd Mercher (SFX) dydd Mercher
dydd Iau (SFX) dydd Iau
dydd Gwener (SFX) dydd Gwener
dydd Sadwrn (SFX) dydd Sadwrn
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Now try to say the days of the week in order in Welsh, starting with Sunday. Use the jumbled list below to help you.

Ymarfer 11

Using CD 1 Trac 14, listen to the prompts and say which day comes next.

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Transcript: Audio 14

B.
Say which day comes next, on hearing the sound.
A.
dydd Mawrth
B.
dydd Mercher
A.
dydd Sul
B.
dydd Llun
A.
dydd Iau
B.
dydd Gwener
A.
dydd Llun
B.
dydd Mawrth
A.
dydd Mercher
B.
dydd Iau
A.
dydd Sadwrn
B.
dydd Sul
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Ymarfer 12

Listen to the dialogue on CD 1 Trac 15 and fill in the missing words.

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Transcript: Audio 15

B.
Gwrandewch ar y ddeialog.
A.
Now listen to the dialogue.
Bore da, pwy dych chi?
B.
Siân dw i. Pwy dych chi?
A.
Huw dw i. Sut dych chi, Siân?
B.
Wedi blino. Sut dych chi?
A.
Da iawn. Braf cwrdd â chi. Hwyl.
B.
Hwyl!
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Huw
___da. Pwy dych chi?
Siân
Siân dw i. Pwy dych chi?
Huw
Huw dw i. Sut dych chi, ___ ?
Siân
___. Sut dych chi?
Huw
___. Braf cwrdd â chi. Hwyl!
Siân
___.
 

Answer

Here is the complete dialogue:

Huw
Bore da. Pwy dych chi?
Siân
Siân dw i. Pwy dych chi?
Huw
Huw dw i. Sut dych chi, Siân?
Siân
Wedi blino. Sut dych chi?
Huw
Da iawn. Braf cwrdd â chi. Hwyl!
Siân
Hwyl!
 

Ymarfer 13

Finally, test yourself on what you have learned in this session by listening to the English prompts on CD 1 Trac 16 and responding in Welsh.

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Transcript: Audio 16

A.
Ask, “Who are you?” * B. Pwy dych chi?
A.
Say that it’s good to meet you. * B. Braf cwrdd â chi.
A.
Say: Good morning. * B. Bore da.
A.
Say that you’re tired. * B. Wedi blino.
A.
Ask: How are you? * B. Sut dych chi?
A.
Say: Very well, thanks. * B. Da iawn, diolch.
B.
Da iawn. Ceisiwch gyfarch rhywun sy’n siarad Cymraeg drwy ddweud Bore da, neu Sut mae.
Well done. Try to greet someone who speaks Welsh by saying Bore da, or Sut mae.
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