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The purpose of this free course, Storing and processing information, is to discuss the main ways in which organisational data is managed, prior to decision-making activity. Organisations are increasingly dependent on information. However, they must first be able to get at information when it is needed, where it is needed and in the form it is needed. Moreover, this information has to complement the gathering, analysing and communication stages of the information management process.
After studying this course, you should be able to:
- discuss the main ways in which organisational data is managed, prior to decision making activity
- understand the main elements of a computer-based information system
- describe the critical role that databases play in storing and processing information.
Study this free course
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Storing and processing information
The purpose of this course is to discuss the main ways in which organisational data is managed, prior to decision making activity. Organisations are increasingly dependent on information, but they must first be able to get at information when it is needed, where it is needed, and in the form it is needed. Moreover, this information has to complement the gathering, analysing and communication stages of the information management process.
This course provides a brief overview of the main elements of a computer-based information system and then describes the critical role that databases play in storing and processing information. The major roles of information systems are discussed, which primarily encompass:
- the support of business operations
- the support of managerial decision making
- the support of strategic advantage
The difference between operational support systems and management support systems is clarified and particular attention is paid to decision support systems (DSS) and expert systems. Lastly, the notion of ‘cloud computing’ is discussed as a new approach to data storage.
This OpenLearn course is an adapted extract from the Open University course
Copyright & revisions
Originally published: Monday, 1st August 2011
Last updated on: Thursday, 11th February 2016
- Creative-Commons: The Open University is proud to release this free course under a Creative Commons licence. However, any third-party materials featured within it are used with permission and are not ours to give away. These materials are not subject to the Creative Commons licence. See terms and conditions. Full details can be found in the Acknowledgements and our FAQs section.
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