2.11 Week 2 summary
To sum up this week, we:
- described the nature of solar radiation, starting with the important distinction between its ‘light’ (i.e. visible short-wave radiation) and its ‘heat’ (long-wave radiation)
- noted that direct solar radiation, the unobstructed rays of the Sun, is important for concentrating collectors, and diffuse radiation is important for natural lighting
- discussed how optimising the amount of radiation falling on a flat plate collector requires an understanding of the appropriate tilt, which will depend on the latitude of the site
- turned briefly to the properties of glass and other glazing materials, particularly their ability to transmit light but block the re-radiation of long-wave infrared radiation
- looked at some low-temperature applications for solar energy, particularly domestic solar water heating and space heating, and described basic solar collector types and their applications
- described three ‘passive solar’ technologies, where the solar collector is an integral part of a building: the Conservatory, the Trombe wall and the Direct Gain type
- outlined the role of daylighting in avoiding excessive use of artificial light
- introduced the ‘heat pump’, which although not directly a ‘solar’ technology, does draw heat from the outside environment, ultimately warmed by the Sun, producing low-temperature heat
- discussed the use of solar thermal energy to generate electricity in concentrating solar power (CSP) systems, and looked at the basic forms of concentrating collector: the line focus or parabolic trough, the point focus or dish collector, and the ‘power tower’ design.
You can now go to Week 3.