Can renewable energy power the world?
Can renewable energy power the world?

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Can renewable energy power the world?

7.5 Environmental impact of wave energy technology

Wave energy converters should be among the most environmentally benign of energy technologies for the following reasons:

  • They have little potential for chemical pollution. At most, they may contain some lubricating or hydraulic oil, which will be carefully sealed from the environment.
  • They have little visual impact, except where shore-mounted.
  • Noise generation is likely to be low – generally lower than the noise of crashing waves
  • They should present a small (though not insignificant) hazard to shipping.
  • They should present no difficulties to migrating fish.
  • Floating schemes are incapable of extracting more than a small fraction of the energy of storms so will not significantly influence the coastal environment. A scheme such as a new breakwater incorporating a wave energy device will provide coastal protection but may result in changes to the coastline. And concrete structures will need to be removed at the end of their operating life.
  • It is estimated that near-shore wave energy schemes will release (e.g. from, construction and material transport) some 11 g of CO2, 0.03 g of SO2 and 0.05 g of NOx for each kWh of electricity generated (Thorpe, 1999). This makes them very attractive in comparison to conventional UK coal, gas and nuclear plants. Thus wave energy could make a significant contribution in meeting climate change and acid rain targets.

How can wave energy be integrated into the electricity grids? We’ll discuss that now as this week’s final topic.

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