1.1 The house analogy
One way to look at an essay is to imagine that the writer is behaving in the same way as someone who is selling a house and showing the potential buyers around the different rooms. This analogy is used in the next activity.
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To ensure all the components of an essay are clearly linked and the text flows, it is important to use the first paragraph to tell the reader what the essay will be about. This can be done by introducing its topic, and then linking it to the assignment question by stating the main claim and outlining the rest of the text.
The body paragraphs also link to the assignment question. They follow the outline given by the introduction, develop the theme of the essay and support the writer’s main point.
The conclusion should link to the title and to the introduction by restating the writer’s main claim and by referring to the supporting points made in the paragraphs.
These links are illustrated in Figure 1.