English: skills for learning
English: skills for learning

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

English: skills for learning

3 Using connectives to link information

Another way to connect paragraphs and sentences is to use linking words or phrases. These linking words are also called connectives.

In the following paragraph, Fred uses four connectives:

The story is very different in poorly run residential homes. At Cedar Court Nursing Home, for example, residents’ rights to privacy and dignity are totally ignored by staff and residents are treated as objects of care (Peace, 2005, p. 75). As a result, the quality of life experienced by these residents appears to be very low. It is therefore clear that, in residential homes too, when carers fail to distinguish between private and public spaces and disregard residents’ wishes and needs, the quality of care suffers.

As you can see, in this example the connectives are used in the following ways:

for example: This connective helps the reader to understand that the situation explained in the second sentence is an example of the more general situation introduced in the topic sentence

as a result: this connective links the sentence describing the example to a sentence that describes its effect

therefore: this connective links the last sentence to the previous ones by introducing a consequence of the situation they describe

too: this connective links the situation referred to in the last sentence to situations described in previous sentences.

A range of connectives can be used in different ways to link the ideas contained in sentences and paragraphs. In the following sections you will look at connectives used to:

  • add information and ideas
  • add an example
  • compare and contrast ideas
  • express cause and effect relationships.
SWE_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has over 40 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus