English: skills for learning
English: skills for learning

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English: skills for learning

1.1 Communicating in everyday life

It is important that listeners and readers understand the message sent by a person and that they interpret it correctly. In the next activity you will focus on the importance of giving your listeners and readers a clear message.

Activity 1

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In everyday conversation, if what other people say is unclear to us, we can use the immediate context to clarify their message. We generally also have the possibility of asking them for an explanation and thus gaining some useful background information.

However, if communication takes place in writing, and the message is unclear or contains unexpected information, these options are not immediately available. This is because the writer is not usually present, and it may not be possible to communicate with them or gain information about the context unless they describe it. Therefore writers need to:

  • clearly introduce the theme of their piece of writing
  • explain and illustrate their ideas in detail
  • clearly connect these ideas and information
  • conclude.

As you can see, successful written communication proceeds from general to specific. It first introduces a theme in general terms and then it develops it in more detail through explanations, evidence and examples.

In the next sections you will learn how to communicate clearly through essays, a particular type of writing.


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