English: skills for learning
English: skills for learning

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

English: skills for learning

3.2 Practice writing introductions

You will now look at another introduction, consider its structure and write its final sentence.

Activity 8

Allow approximately 15 minutes

Read the following assignment question and the introduction written by Open University student Amina. Again the numbers in brackets refer to the sentence number.

Essay title

Discuss the extent to which a large corporation such as Nike might influence the economic health of a developing country.

Amina’s introduction

[1] Wherever a large corporation such as Nike operates, the scale of its activity will have an effect on the locality. [2] In a developing country, this activity will have a significant influence on the whole economy of the area. [3] Economists explain that there is a clear link between large corporations’ business activities in Asian countries and the subsequent rise in those countries’ standards of living (Sturges, 2000, p. 12). [4] Although multinational corporations’ investment can benefit developing countries, there may also be negative impacts.

Now complete the tasks below. Note your answers in the boxes before comparing them with mine.

Task 1

Answer the following questions:

  1. Which content words are contained in the title?
  2. Which instruction words are contained in the title?
  3. Which sentence states the claim that will be demonstrated by the essay?
You can type text here, but this facility requires a free OU account. Sign in or register.
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Answer

  1. Content words: large corporation; influence; economic health; developing country.
  2. Instruction word: discuss.
  3. The claim is stated in sentence 4.

Task 2

Write what you think could be the last sentence of this introduction. This sentence needs to briefly outline Amina’s essay. Her essay plan contains the following headings:

  • Definition of economy
  • Definition of investment
  • Effect of large organisations (e.g. Nike) on four areas of economic activity
You can type text here, but this facility requires a free OU account. Sign in or register.
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Answer

Amina’s introduction ended with this sentence:

This essay will first define the terms ‘economy’ and ‘investment’ and then explain how much, and in what way, four areas of economic activity may be affected by the business activities of a large corporation.

Task 3

How does Amina’s introduction progress from general points to specific ones?

You can type text here, but this facility requires a free OU account. Sign in or register.
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Answer

Amina’s introduction starts by mentioning the effects of large corporations on local areas in general. It then narrows down by considering developing countries and Asian developing countries. Finally, it states that the essay will focus only on four areas of activity in these developing countries (Figure 10).

Described image
Figure 10 Pyramid showing how Amina’s introduction progresses from general information to specific details
SWE_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has nearly 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus