English: skills for learning
English: skills for learning

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English: skills for learning

2.3 Distinguishing between summaries, paraphrases and quotations

In an assignment, it may be necessary to:

  • include a summary of a text you have read
  • include the paraphrased version of a sentence taken from a text
  • quote a word or a sentence taken from a text.

The next activity helps to distinguish between these three ways in which information from sources is normally presented in a written assignment.

Activity 3

Allow approximately 5 minutes

Match the following definitions to the three ways in which texts can be used in an assignment:

Using the following two lists, match each numbered item with the correct letter.

  1. A very concise and reworded version of a source text that reproduces all the key concepts but leaves out details and examples.

  2. One word, or a group of words, taken directly from a source text and included, within inverted commas, in the assignment.

  3. The reworded version of a short section of the source text.

  • a.Quotation

  • b.Paraphrase

  • c.Summary

The correct answers are:
  • 1 = c
  • 2 = a
  • 3 = b

In the next activity you will look at some examples of summaries, paraphrasing and quotations.

Activity 4

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