3 Reproducing information from sources
In the previous activity you practised identifying a summary, a paraphrase and a quotation. In particular, you have seen how they can transform the original text into different texts.
The diagram below (Figure 3) illustrates this transformation process:
In the following activity you will look at this transformation process in more detail.
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The transformation process normally involves choosing the amount of the original text that will be reused. The content (the ideas, theories and data) is never changed but it is usually reported in the writer’s own words. The only exception is the quotation but, in this case, the writer uses the inverted commas to indicate that the quoted word or sentence has been written by somebody else. The name of the person or organisation who wrote the original text is always acknowledged in brackets in the written text, together with the date when the original text was published.
The next three sections explain in more detail how to paraphrase, summarise and quote texts.