English: skills for learning
English: skills for learning

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English: skills for learning

5.2 Using adverbs in compound sentences

The two independent clauses that form a compound sentence are often linked through an adverb. You met most of these adverbs in Week 5 when you looked at ways to link ideas. The most common of these adverbs are listed in the following table.

Adding emphasis Giving an example Adding a consequence Adding a contrasting idea Adding a similar idea

indeed

in fact

for example

for instance

therefore

consequently

hence

thus

as a result

however

conversely

on the other hand

instead

on the contrary

nevertheless

similarly

likewise

Compound sentences linked through an adverb are structured as follows:

First independent clause Semi-colon Adverb Comma Second independent clause
Researchers have studied AIDS for many years ; however , a vaccine has not been found yet.

Activity 10

Allow approximately 10 minutes

The following sets of sentences have been incorrectly or unclearly organised. Rewrite them including the adverb in the brackets and making correct use of punctuation.

Example:

Staff must be able to observe the patients this has the effect of reducing patients’ privacy and dignity. (however)

Answer

Staff must be able to observe the patients; however, this has the effect of reducing patients’ privacy and dignity.

  1. Migration is often seen as a large-scale or impersonal issue. It is an intense personal experience which transforms the individual lives of those who move. (however)
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Answer

  1. Migration is often seen as a large-scale or impersonal issue; however, it is an intense personal experience which transforms the individual lives of those who move.
  1. Global warming causes changes in ecosystems many animal populations will dwindle or die out. (consequently)
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Answer

  1. Global warming causes changes in ecosystems; consequently, many animal populations will dwindle or die out.
  1. Technology includes social innovations, a book can be thought of as a technology for sharing ideas. (for example)
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Answer

  1. Technology includes social innovations; for example, a book can be thought of as a technology for sharing ideas.
  1. All businesses must be aware of the environments in which they operate, they must identify factors that may affect them. (in particular)
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Answer

  1. All businesses must be aware of the environments in which they operate; in particular, they must identify factors that may affect them.
  1. At Cedar Court Nursing Home, rights to privacy and dignity are totally ignored by staff; residents are treated as objects of care. (indeed)
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Answer

  1. At Cedar Court Nursing Home, rights to privacy and dignity are totally ignored by staff; indeed, residents are treated as objects of care.
SWE_1

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