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7.1.6 Why was Galileo deliberately crashed into Jupiter?

Activity 1

Why do you think the Galileo mission was ended by a deliberate crash into Jupiter?


So that its instruments could sample Jupiter’s cloud composition before contact was lost.


Because to leave it in orbit about Jupiter would make it a hazard to future spacecraft.


To remove any possibility of it one day crashing into Europa.

The correct answer is c.


Correct. Given that Europa is potentially habitable, especially in the ocean below its surface ice, the mission controllers wanted to safeguard Europa from the remote chance of contamination by any microbes from Earth that might have been inadvertently carried by the orbiter, if one day when no longer under control, it accidentally crashed into Europa.


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