The lottery of birth
The lottery of birth

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The lottery of birth


This free course was written by Pam Foley.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:


Figure 1 © Bartosz Hadyniak (via

Figure 2 © Kameleon007 (via

Figure 3 © John Moore (via

Figure 4 © nattrass (via

Figure 6 © BSIP (via

Figure 7 DFID in Flickr

Figure 9 © KatarzynaBialasiewicz (via

Figure 10 © ineskoleva (via

Figures 11, 12 and 13 Adapted from and

Figure 14 © Stefan Hoedrath (via

Figure 15 © Ullstein (via

Figure 16 IISG in Flickr

Figure 17 © jumaydesigns/iStock Photo

Figure 18 © Allkindza (via

Figure 19 © Milla Kontkanen (via

Figure 20 © photobac (via

Figure 21 © gisele (via

Figure 22 Pippa Ranger/DFID in Flickr


2.1.4 and 2.1.4 Extract from the Save the Children report, State of the World’s Mother, pp. 56–9 © Save the Children (2013)

2.3.2 Extract from May, J.F. (2012) World Population Politics: Their Origin Evolution and Impact, London, Springer, pp. 261–2

2.3.7 Extract from Hartas, D. (2014) Parenting, Family Policy and Children’s Well-being in an Unequal Society: A New Culture War for Parents, London, Palgrave Macmillan.

Audio visual

2.1 Slideshow: A history of European childbirth through Art - © The Open University and its licensors

2.2.2 Parents with disabilities © BBC

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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