The lottery of birth
The lottery of birth

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The lottery of birth


This free course was written by Dr Pam Foley.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:


Figure 1 © Chau Doan (via

Figure 2 © United Nations Photo/Photographer: Mark Garten

Figure 3 © United Nations Photo/Photographer: Tobin Jones

Figure 4 © United Nations Photo/Photographer: Mark Garten

Figure 5 Rick Scavetta, U.S. Army Africa Public Affairs in Flickr

Figure 6 US Mission to the United Nations Agencies in Rome in Flickr

Figure 7 adapted from: courtesy © UNICEF 2013

Figure 8 © Rawpixel Ltd (via

Figure 9 © Zanariah Salam (via

Figure 10 © TPG (via

Figure 11 © TARA TODRAS-WHITEHILL/X01969/Reuters/Corbis

Figure 12 © Per Anders-Pettersson (via

Figure 13 AU UN IST PHOTO/David Mutua/AMISOM Public Information in Flickr, placed in public domain for any use

Figure 14 © David M. Benett (via

Figure 15 Southbank Centre in Flickr

Figure 16 DFIF: UK Department for International Development in Flickr

Audio visual


3.1 from ‘8 Millennium Development Goals: What We Met And Missed’ © courtesy AJ+ Al Jazeera Media Network

3.1.4 from ‘200 Hundred Million Invisible Children’ © courtesy of UNICEF

3.2 from: ‘Don't Panic - The Truth About Population’ 7 November 2013 © BBC


3.1.2 Millennium Villages 9 May 2012 © BBC


3.2.2 adapted from: The Economist (2010) ‘The worldwide war on baby girls’ Available at

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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