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Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material within this book:
Figure 2: Reprinted from Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 10, No. 2, Mirshams, R.A. and Sabbaghian, M. ‘Failure Analysis of an Elbow Tube Fitting’, pp. 215–221. © 2003 Elsevier;
Figure 3(a): © Simo Bogdanovic/Alamy;
Figure 4: © Kawase Shinichi/Digitalization: Kobe University Library;
Figure 7: © Paul Carstairs/Alamy;
Figure 8(a): From Neale Consulting Engineers;F
igure 8(b): From CALCE News.
Figure 9: © TWI Ltd;
Figure 10: Courtesy of University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections [UW20731; UW21422; UW21413].
Figures 12: © Peter Lewis;
Figure 15: Courtesy of Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration/US Department of Commerce;
Figure 17: Pipeline Accident Report – Natural Gas Pipeline Rupture and Fire Near Carlsbad, New Mexico, August 19, 2000, NTSB/PAR-03/01, US National Transportation Safety Board;
Figure 24: © Colin Gagg;
Figures 27 and 31: Courtesy of Jack Burdett Collection, Point Pleasant;
Figures 26, 31, 35, 37 and 41–45: Highway Accident Report – Collapse of U.S. 35 Highway Bridge, Point Pleasant, West Virginia, December 15, 1967, NTSB/HAR-71/01, US National Transportation Safety Board;
Figure 30: Courtesy of James Bashford/Gig Harbor Peninsula Historical Society & Museum;
Figure 32: Earl T. Kilmer Collection. Presbyterian Church and River Museum;
Figures 33 and 34: Courtesy of Gannett Fleming;
Figures 38 and 40: Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol. 1, No. 2, © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428; Figure 39: © John Bennett.
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