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Communication is as vital in mathematics as in any language. This free course, Language, notation and formulas, will help you to express yourself clearly when writing and speaking about mathematics. You will also learn how to answer questions in the manner that is expected by the examiner.
After studying this course, you should be able to:
- lay out and, where appropriate, label simple mathematical arguments
- understand the precise mathematical meaning of certain common English words
- understand and use common mathematical symbols
- write clear, unambiguous mathematical solutions using appropriate notation
- identify and modify some sources of ambiguity or inappropriate use of notation in a mathematical solution.
- Current section: Introduction
- Learning outcomes
- 1 Communicating mathematics
- 2 Reading mathematics
- 2.1 Layout
- 2.2 Using the equals sign
- 2.3 Link words
- 2.4 Labelling lines
- 2.5 Vocabulary
- 2.6 Making sense of symbols
- 2.7 Powers and roots
- 2.8 Relationship symbols
- 3 Formulas
- 4 The format of questions
- 5 Approaches to problem solving
- 6 Writing out solutions
- 7 OpenMark quiz
- Keep on learning
Study this free course
Enrol to access the full course, get recognition for the skills you learn, track your progress and on completion gain a statement of participation to demonstrate your learning to others. Make your learning visible!
Language, notation and formulas
An integral part of learning mathematics involves communication.
Writing mathematics is a specific skill which needs to be developed and practised: there is a lot of difference between putting down a few symbols for your own use and writing a mathematical solution intended for someone else to read. In attempting mathematical questions, you may previously have written down very little, just enough, perhaps, to convince yourself that you could answer the questions. This may suffice now, but you may want to use your notes and solutions for revision so you will want them to be self-contained, able to stand on their own and easy to read. This will also be the case if you are writing mathematics for somebody else to read.
This OpenLearn course provides a sample of level 1 study in.
This free course includes adapted extracts from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Mathematics Education courses or view the range of currently available OU Mathematics Education courses.
Copyright & revisions
Originally published: Friday, 10th June 2011
Last updated on: Tuesday, 23rd February 2016
- Creative-Commons: The Open University is proud to release this free course under a Creative Commons licence. However, any third-party materials featured within it are used with permission and are not ours to give away. These materials are not subject to the Creative Commons licence. See terms and conditions. Full details can be found in the Acknowledgements and our FAQs section.
- This site has Copy Reuse Tracking enabled - see our FAQs for more information.
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