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Nutrition: vitamins and minerals
Both vitamins and minerals are essential in the diet in small quantities. Learn about...
Both vitamins and minerals are essential in the diet in small quantities. Learn about the two main vitamin groups and the major mineral elements. This free course, Nutrition: vitamins and minerals, looks at the two main groups of vitamins: the fat-soluble vitamins, A, D, E and K; and the water-soluble vitamins, the B group and vitamin C. It also examines the major mineral elements, and the importance of fluid balance in the body.
After studying this course, you should be able to:
- Understand certain minerals are required in the body and that some minerals form essential structural components of tissues;
- Understanding that sodium, potassium, calcium and chloride ions are important in maintaining the correct composition of cells and of the tissue fluids around them (homeostasis);
- Understand that some minerals are essential components of important molecules such as hormones and enzymes;
- Understand that the correct fluid balance is essential for normal functioning of the body;
- Understand that tapwater, and not just mineral water, contains minerals.
- Current section: Introduction
- Learning outcomes
- 1 Vitamins
- 1.1 Introduction to vitamins and why we need them
- 1.2 Vitamin A
- 1.3 Vitamin D
- 1.4 Vitamin E
- 1.5 Vitamin K
- 1.6 Vitamin B
- 1.7 Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
- 1.8 Key points about vitamins
- 2 Minerals and fluids
- 2.1 Introduction to minerals and why we need them
- 2.2 Major minerals
- 2.3 Calcium (Ca)
- 2.4 Phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg) and sulphur (S)
- 2.5 Sodium (Na), chlorine (Cl) and potassium (K)
- 2.6 Trace elements
- 2.7 Fluorine (F)
- 2.8 Iodine (I)
- 2.9 Iron (Fe)
- 2.10 Selenium (Se)
- 2.11 Zinc (Zn)
- 2.12 Fluid balance
- 2.13 Key points about minerals
- Keep on learning
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Nutrition: vitamins and minerals
Both vitamins and minerals are essential in the diet in small quantities.The term ‘vitamin’ was not coined until early in the 20th century, to describe those chemicals in food without which a pattern of deficiency symptoms (often called a deficiency syndrome) occurs. Minerals, also called mineral elements, are those elements other than carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen that are found in the body.
This free course, Nutrition: Vitamins and minerals, looks at the two main groups of vitamins: the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K, and the water-soluble vitamins, those of the B group (numbered B1, B2, etc.) and vitamin C. It also examines the major mineral elements, and the importance of fluid balance in the body.
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This OpenLearn course includes adapted extracts from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Science, Maths & Technology courses or view the range of currently available OU Health and Wellbeing courses.
This is an extract from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Biology courses or view the range of currently available OU Biology courses.
Copyright & revisions
Originally published: Tuesday, 29th September 2015
Last updated on: Tuesday, 29th September 2015
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