The Open University since 2006
Alternatively you can skip the navigation by pressing 'Enter'.
Life - with David Attenborough: Hunters and HuntedFriday, 27th May 2016 11:30 - EdenEveryone's hungry. Everyone's lunch. Read more: Life - with David Attenborough: Hunters and Hunted
Life - with David Attenborough: Hunters and HuntedFriday, 27th May 2016 17:30 - Eden
Old School With The Hairy Bikers: EPISODE 3Friday, 27th May 2016 19:00 - BBC Two (Scotland only)
Thinking Allowed 2016: 'Queer' wars, Nigerian beauty pageantsMonday, 30th May 2016 00:15 - BBC Radio 4
Old School With The Hairy Bikers: EPISODE 3Available until Sunday, 26th June 2016 20:00With only four weeks left at the Oxford Academy, we look to see how the old and young have learned from each other. Read more: Old School With The Hairy Bikers: EPISODE 3
Thinking Allowed 2016: 'Queer' wars, Nigerian beauty pageantsAvailable for over a year
All in the Mind - Summer 2016: Exams and the mental health of children, a community approach to suicide preventionAvailable for over a year
Thinking Allowed 2016: Glasgow gangs - Russian gangsAvailable for over a year
Life - with David AttenboroughDavid Attenborough explores the vibrant mix of life found on our plant - where it comes from, and... Read more: Life - with David Attenborough
Paxman in Brussels: Who really rules us?In this one-off programme on BBC 1, Jeremy Paxman asks whether we have given the power to... Read more: Paxman in Brussels: Who really rules us?
Una lengua en movimientoThis free course will develop your knowledge and understanding of the societies and cultures of... Try: Una lengua en movimiento now
Essay and report writing skillsWriting reports and assignments can be a daunting prospect. Learn how to interpret questions and... Try: Essay and report writing skills now
Vaccinations are now considered a part of everyday life, but how do they work? Vaccination is a free course that will help those with a background in biology understand the historical development of vaccination, assess the various types of vaccines used today, examine their production and explore the limitations that are placed on vaccination programmes.
After studying this course, you should be able to:
- define and use, or recognise definitions and applications of, each of the terms in bold in the course
- use examples from the history of vaccination to illustrate the conduct and outcomes of vaccine strategies to control infectious diseases
- discuss the principle strategies available for developing a vaccine and explain the significance of critical antigens, immunogens and adjuvants in developing effective vaccines
- identify examples of infectious diseases for which effective vaccines are available and some for which they are not. Explain why it has been scientifically difficult or commercially unprofitable to develop vaccines against certain infectious diseases, and why others have been amenable to control by vaccination
- discuss the prospects for developing a vaccine against a named infectious disease, given information on its biology and epidemiology, and on the immune response in human hosts.
- Current section: Introduction
- Learning outcomes
- 1 Smallpox and the history of vaccination
- 2 Active vaccines and passive immunisation
- 3 Critical antigens and the immune response
- 4 Strategies for vaccine production
- 5 Influences on vaccine efficacy
- 6 Challenges to vaccine development
- 7 Limitations on vaccination programmes
- 8 Internet researches into vaccination issues
- Keep on learning
Study this free course
Enrol to access the full course, get recognition for the skills you learn, track your progress and on completion gain a statement of participation to demonstrate your learning to others. Make your learning visible!
The course begins with the early history of smallpox – the first infectious disease to be eradicated by a vaccination programme. At the end of section 1, we ask you to read an article on the history of smallpox, then, before continuing further with this course, you should turn to the case study on polio, where we discuss the prospects for making this the second infectious disease to be eradicated by vaccination. At the end of section 5 you will study the mini-lecture on vaccination. You will conclude your study of this chapter by conducting some internet research on the progress of vaccination programmes.
This OpenLearn course provides a sample of Level 3 study in.
This free course includes adapted extracts from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Biology courses or view the range of currently available OU Biology courses.
Copyright & revisions
Originally published: Wednesday, 2nd March 2016
Last updated on: Wednesday, 2nd March 2016
- Creative-Commons: The Open University is proud to release this free course under a Creative Commons licence. However, any third-party materials featured within it are used with permission and are not ours to give away. These materials are not subject to the Creative Commons licence. See terms and conditions. Full details can be found in the Acknowledgements and our FAQs section.
- This site has Copy Reuse Tracking enabled - see our FAQs for more information.
If you enjoyed this, why not follow a feed to find out when we have new things like it? Choose an RSS feed from the list below. (Don't know what to do with RSS feeds?)
Remember, you can also make your own, personal feed by combining tags from around OpenLearn.
All our alternative formats are free for you to download, for more information about the different formats we offer please see our FAQs. The most frequently used are Word (for accessibility), PDF (for print) and ePub and Kindle to download to eReaders*.
- Word (2.2 MB)
- PDF (2.3 MB)
- ePub 3.0 (1.7 MB)
- ePub 2.0 (1.7 MB)
- Kindle (708 KB)
- RSS (322 KB)
- HTML (1.8 MB)
- SCORM (1.8 MB)
- OUXML Package (42 KB)
- OUXML File (132 KB)
- IMS Common cartridge
*Please note you will need an ePub and Mobi reader for these formats.