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What do genes do?

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This free course, What do genes do? explores how information contained in DNA is used, explaining the flow of information from DNA to RNA to protein. Also introduced are the concepts of transcription (as occurs between DNA and RNA) and translation.

After studying this unit you should understand:

  • how the linear sequence of DNA within a gene is related to the linear sequence of amino acids of a protein
  • how the information in DNA is carried via RNA to make a protein
  • how RNA is synthesised from DNA by the process of transcription
  • where the processes of transcription and translation occur within the cell

By: The Open University

  • Duration 4 hours
  • Updated Monday 8th July 2013
  • Introductory level
  • Posted under Biology
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What do genes do?

Introduction

Unit image

This unit explores how information contained in DNA is used, explaining the flow of information from DNA to RNA to protein. Also introduced are the concepts of transcription (as occurs between DNA and RNA) and translation.

This material is from our archive and is an adapted extract from Learn about human genetics and health issues (SK195), which is no longer taught by The Open University. If you want to study formally with us, you may wish to explore other courses we offer in this subject area [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

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