from The Open University
Alternatively you can skip the navigation by pressing 'Enter'.
The world’s busiest railway 2015 – Mumbai Railway: Episode 4Wednesday, 7th October 2015 00:45 - BBC TwoThis final episode considers the challenges faced by the historic Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus - and asks what the... Read more: The world’s busiest railway 2015 – Mumbai Railway: Episode 4
Canals: The Making of a Nation: HeritageWednesday, 7th October 2015 00:55 - BBC Four
The world’s busiest railway 2015 – Mumbai Railway: Episode 4Wednesday, 7th October 2015 01:15 - BBC Two
The ascent of woman: RevolutionWednesday, 7th October 2015 01:45 - BBC Two
The Great British Year: WinterAvailable until Friday, 6th November 2015 22:00A frozen nation, but not a wasteland... Read more: The Great British Year: Winter
The ascent of woman: RevolutionAvailable until Friday, 6th November 2015 02:15
The world’s busiest railway 2015 – Mumbai Railway: Episode 4Available until Friday, 6th November 2015 01:15
The Bottom Line: Autumn 2015: Art and the Business of TasteAvailable for over a year
Rugby: A sport for sampling or specialisation?What are the benefits or risks of specialising in a sport early on? Jessica Pinchbeck discusses... Read more: Rugby: A sport for sampling or specialisation?
OpenLearn Live: 6th October 2015Celebrating a small village with a role in two explosive events in history - then more free... Read more: OpenLearn Live: 6th October 2015
Innovation through representationInnovations are realised through design, and some of the most useful tools in the designers’... Try: Innovation through representation now
English: skills for learningThis course is for anybody who is thinking of studying for a university degree and would like to... Try: English: skills for learning now
What is active reading? It is reading with the aim of understanding and grasping...
What is active reading? It is reading with the aim of understanding and grasping something. While studying this unit, you will be focusing on the variety of methods for presenting and organising qualitative and quantitative evidence in the form of numbers and text, and learn how to understand the ways in which evidence is presented and to read it actively and with purpose.
After studying this unit you should be able to:
- identify that social scientists can collect evidence to support their claims and theories in different ways;
- give examples of quantitative and qualitative evidence;
- recognise a variety of methods for obtaining evidence;
- understand the ways in which evidence can be presented; how to read it actively and with purpose.
- Current section: Introduction
- Learning outcomes
- 1 Overview
- 1 The importance of evidence
- 1.2 Quantitative evidence
- 1.3 Qualitative evidence
- 1.4 Conclusion
Study this free course
Enrol to access the full course, get recognition for the skills you learn and track your progress. Make your learning visible!
Social scientists collect evidence to support their claims and theories in different ways. Such evidence is crucial to the practice of social science and to the production of social scientific knowledge.
You may be aware of the idea of active reading, which is about reading with the aim of understanding and grasping something: a definition, an argument, a piece of evidence. What that suggests is that active reading is about reading and thinking at the same time. In this unit we will concentrate on reading and thinking at the same time about evidence in the form of numbers and in the form of text.
The summary 'Evidence in the social sciences: finding it, using it', is a useful place to start:
The evidence social scientists gather is shaped by the questions they ask, the claims they make and the theories they use.
Evidence can be described in two main ways, as quantitative and qualitative.
There are a variety of methods for obtaining evidence, there are important choices to be made about who and where you collect evidence from.
There are a variety of methods for presenting and organising evidence.
Once presented, evidence does not speak for itself. It needs to be interpreted and is open to many interpretations.
The quality, reliability and authenticity of evidence always needs to be probed for potential bias, limits and blind spots.
In this unit we will be focusing mostly on the variety of methods for presenting and organising qualitative and quantitative evidence. So, we will focus on how to understand the ways in which evidence is presented, how to read it actively and with purpose.
This material is from our archive and is an adapted extract from An introduction to the social sciences: understanding social change (DD100) which is no longer taught by The Open University. If you want to study formally with us, you may wish to explore other courses we offer in this.
This is an extract from an Open University course which is no longer available to new students. If you found this interesting you could explore more free Sociology courses or view the range of currently available OU Sociology courses.
Copyright & revisions
Originally published: Thursday, 22nd March 2012
- Creative-Commons: The Open University is proud to release this free course under a Creative Commons licence. However, any third-party materials featured within it are used with permission and are not ours to give away. These materials are not subject to the Creative Commons licence. See terms and conditions. Full details can be found in the Acknowledgements section.
- This site has Copy Reuse Tracking enabled - see our FAQs for more information.
If you enjoyed this, why not follow a feed to find out when we have new things like it? Choose an RSS feed from the list below. (Don't know what to do with RSS feeds?)
Remember, you can also make your own, personal feed by combining tags from around OpenLearn.