This course has been about understanding the idea of psychological abnormality and its implications. What we have learned is that ‘normality’ is defined in a variety of ways, and it is important to ask what model of ‘normality’ is being subscribed to when looking at ‘abnormal’ populations. Are we judging someone's behaviour according to medical, statistical or social definitions of ‘normality’? The point of giving a detailed example like that of dyslexia is to show that in practice there are difficulties in applying any one model of ‘normality’, and that they all have implications for defining a condition, which in turn will have implications for diagnosis and management. Our discussion has shown that it is important to integrate the different psychological accounts of the condition in order to provide a full explanation of potential causes and strategies for remediation. Moreover, it is important to consider what can and should be addressed during remediation and which behaviours, however ‘abnormal’, are valuable and even desirable in particular contexts.
If you believe that you may suffer from dyslexia, we advise you to contact a national charity that will be able to offer assistance and guidance in the first instance. If you are based in the UK, you may wish to contact the British Dyslexia Association, the Dyslexia Institute or the Adult Dyslexic Association.