Essay and report writing skills
Essay and report writing skills

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Essay and report writing skills

6.1.1 Report planning

Table 2 highlights the elements of a science or technology report, though the same general principles apply in other disciplines too.

Table 2 The main elements of a science or technology report

Element Purpose Description
title attracts the reader's attention explanatory of the content, concise and relevant
abstract gives a brief summary short paragraph clarifying the scope of the report and the main findings
introduction gives the purpose of the investigation being reported explains why the investigation was undertaken and gives essential background information
main text describes how the study was conducted the ‘meat’ of the report containing, for example (depending on the discipline):
gives results of the study • method of investigation/ approach taken and why
interprets results • record of observations or measurements
• references to appropriate theories
• discussion
• unique or distinctive facts and explanation of how these relate to the broader context or body of evidence
conclusions describes what the study has shown includes the meaning of the results of the investigation, what has been demonstrated and any recommendations for action

You need to assemble and order your material, perhaps under a set of headings (which can be added to or sub-divided). Your plan will help you to include material that is relevant and to the point.


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