6.1.1 Report planning
Table 2 highlights the elements of a science or technology report, though the same general principles apply in other disciplines too.
Table 2 The main elements of a science or technology report
|title||attracts the reader's attention||explanatory of the content, concise and relevant|
|abstract||gives a brief summary||short paragraph clarifying the scope of the report and the main findings|
|introduction||gives the purpose of the investigation being reported||explains why the investigation was undertaken and gives essential background information|
|main text||describes how the study was conducted||the ‘meat’ of the report containing, for example (depending on the discipline):|
|gives results of the study||• method of investigation/ approach taken and why|
|interprets results||• record of observations or measurements|
|• references to appropriate theories|
|• unique or distinctive facts and explanation of how these relate to the broader context or body of evidence|
|conclusions||describes what the study has shown||includes the meaning of the results of the investigation, what has been demonstrated and any recommendations for action|
You need to assemble and order your material, perhaps under a set of headings (which can be added to or sub-divided). Your plan will help you to include material that is relevant and to the point.