Exploring children's learning
Exploring children's learning

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

Exploring children's learning

3.4 Evaluating social learning theory

Bandura's work shows that learning can occur without the sorts of reinforcement that behaviourists see as essential, and that children are active in their learning. The sort of learning that Bandura highlighted goes further than simple mimicry. It implies that children extract general principles from what they observe. However, it does not tell us about the nature of the children's thinking or give us an insight into the processes of cognitive change occurring within the child. Moreover, it still places the emphasis on factors that are external to the child as the key influences on their developing behaviour; in this case the behaviour and experiences of people around them. To understand cognitive development a different theoretical perspective is needed, namely constructivism.

Clip 2

Download this video clip.Video player: This extract taken from ED209: Child Development.
Skip transcript: This extract taken from ED209: Child Development.

Transcript: This extract taken from ED209: Child Development.

Dan Griffin (Bodhrán):
I started off in St Albans round where I live, I live in Watford, and basically I just started going to the music lessons playing the tin whistle and then it, just took off, it went on from there, I mean, I looked at other people playing the bodhran and I thought I’d like,I want to do that, I’ve just got a passion for it and just carried it on and keptgoing.
Tim Dowd (UilleannPipes):
My dad plays pipes. He started me on the whistle when I wasabout six and, of course, then I progressed onto the pipes and the flute but my main influence when I was young was myfather.
Dan Griffin:
I was always playing with my brother, Matthew, who’s in the band as well and it was always like, you know, doing, going up to see my Nana, sometimes she’d like to hear a bit of music and we’d play and then from that, we just progressed and we started getting more people involved and it just escalated into the, into the formation of theband.
Liam Stapleton (Flute):
Like our family’s fairly musical anyway, the whole of my father’s side of the family, they’re all players themselves and we got started when we were six andseven.
Dan Griffin:
How did I learn? I learned from a man just, just in the club, he’s a, he was playing, he was playing like with the senior, senior groups and he said that he’d give me a few lessons and start me off and so I took it, I took on from him and he was, he taught me what he knew and then again another person came into the club who knew how to play the bodhran and I learned, learned more from him and it’s just gone on and on and different people have shown me different things and I’ve put it all together to like make my, form my ownstyle. My first teacher, Barry Gorman, was probably my very, very first like, person I looked up to and said, you know, I want to be like you sort of thing. Just his confidence I think was, was the big one for me, I mean, he, the way that he handled himself when he was playing, I just thought he was very, it was something to aspire to, it was very, it’s, how do I say it? It’s, it made me like want, want to, to carry on and want to get to the level where I’d have the confidence to play like him.
Tim Dowd:
When I started, I played because my dad said I had to. When I got a bit older, I played because my friends were in the, in the, in the group ..., in the Ceilidh bands or whatever. When I was a bit older, I wanted to be the best and so I’d play, you know, to beat everyone.
Liam Stapleton:
Well about five or six years ago, there was two flute players that I heard, Mike McGoldrick and Kevin Crawford, and I liked that style that much it kind of sped me on from the tin whistle, progressing onto the flute and went from there.
Tim Dowd:
When I was 11, I started performing at, you know, gigs on stage and everything and, you know, ever since then, I’ve been performing at different venues. I was picking up on my peers and learning from example, you know, listening to different bands and that’s how it all started about, you know, and learning who you like, you know, what bits of which performance you’d like to take your style from.
End transcript: This extract taken from ED209: Child Development.
Copy this transcript to the clipboard
Print this transcript
This extract taken from ED209: Child Development.
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus