Inclusive education: Knowing what we mean
Inclusive education: Knowing what we mean

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

Inclusive education: Knowing what we mean

3 Transforming learning

3.1 Who is to be included?

Some critics have seen the focus on students with disabilities and difficulties in learning as distracting from the real issue, that is, the processes of inclusion and exclusion that leave many students, not simply those with disabilities, unable to participate in mainstream culture and communities (Booth, 1996). Such processes have an impact on many students, not just those with ‘special educational needs’.

In line with this way of thinking, the study of inclusion should be concerned with understanding and confronting the broader issue of marginalisation and the consequences of this process for marginalised groups. There is a range of groupings of learners who might be included here: traveller students, mature students, those living in poverty, minority linguistic and ethnic groups; very likely, you can think of others. The point is that we cannot consider these groups in isolation if we are aiming to make real changes in the way education works (Dyson, 2001).

Activity 5 Experiences of marginalisation

In your experience, what groups have you observed as likely to experience marginalisation? How has the learning context either contributed to or addressed that marginalisation? You may want to think about pupils who are ‘different’ in some way from the majority. Your examples are likely to go beyond disability and learning difficulty, and may include, for example, students with linguistic and social differences.

Once you have marshalled your thoughts, spend some time explaining your examples to a friend. Does he or she agree with your analysis? Make notes on the ways in which your friend's viewpoint differs/agrees with your own.

E848_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus