Play, learning and the brain
Play, learning and the brain

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

Play, learning and the brain

1 Play, Learning and the Brain

‘Teaching and learning are an odyssey into the neural architecture of the human brain.’

‘A baby is born with over 100 billion brain cells. At birth only 25% of the brain is developed. By age three 90% of the brain is developed.’

(Catherwood, 2000)

‘Brain-based learning’ (BBL) is receiving increasing attention in the popular and professional fields. But what exactly is it? Before we explore the idea further it is important to understand the brain as we currently know it. The diagram of the brain (below) will remind you of some key ideas about its various areas and functions.

If you wish to view this animation in a separate window please click on 'Launch in separate player'

Active content not displayed. This content requires JavaScript to be enabled.
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Our brain and the spinal cord together make up our central nervous system. The spinal cord goes from the brain down to the lower part of the back. It is responsible for taking messages to the brain from the rest of the body, and from the brain to the rest of the body.

When we look at the brain image we can see three main parts:

  • the cerebrum;

  • the cerebellum;

  • the brainstem.

Each of these parts controls a number of important functions.

The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain and it is found at the front of the head. It controls our sense organs – touch, vision, hearing, temperature – and it initiates and co-ordinates movement. It also has a role in problem solving, reasoning, emotions and learning. All thoughts, memories, and imagination occur in this region. In this diagram the cerebrum has been displayed to show the lobes and their function.

If you wish to open the quiz in a separate window please click on 'Launch in separate player'

Active content not displayed. This content requires JavaScript to be enabled.
Interactive brain quiz
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Activity 1

See for yourself some of the ‘facts’ we know about the brain by taking part in a light-hearted quiz (above).

The very rapid growth of the brain during the first years of life raises some important questions about the quality of early experiences for children's overall development.

Before you move to the next section you may like to think about what is meant by the term ‘developed’ and whether the quotation from Catherwood on this page means that the brain can only develop a little more after the age of three.

E500_10

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has nearly 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus