Teaching assistants: support in action (Chinese)
Teaching assistants: support in action (Chinese)

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Teaching assistants: support in action (Chinese)

1 助理的出现

图1 “我学校里的成人帮手”艾米丽(6岁)

考虑不同职业的人是如何得到助理支持的对更好地理解助教的角色是有帮助的。正如学校有助教一样,其它行业也有类似的工作。例如,在医疗服务领域,护士有健康服务助理,在社会工作中有私人助理提供儿童护理(“需要照看的孩子”)。伊恩·凯斯勒(2002年)为这些工作的发展提出了以下的解释: 在英国的许多领域,在招募和留住合格的专业人员,比如护士、老师等方面出现了越来越多的问题。

历届政府都希望实现'现代化'的公共服务,使他们能够更好地响应“客户”的需求,更符合成本效益。

人们相信已经形成的职业态度和做法应该受到质疑和改进,专业人士应该在工作方法上愈加灵活。

除了这些雇用助理的通用理由外,学校雇用助理还有两大原因。首先,人人都享有教育的理念使得学校要雇用学习助理来为那些在主流课堂里学习复杂知识和有行为需求的孩子提供紧密的支持。其次,当地机关和政府为学校下发了财政拨款,使校长有能力雇用越来越多的助教,为那些工作强度大的老师提供帮助,既行之有效又节省成本。

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