Teaching assistants: support in action (Chinese)
Teaching assistants: support in action (Chinese)

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Teaching assistants: support in action (Chinese)

1.4 职称和责任

在英国,目前对于那些给儿童提供帮助的人有多种称呼。如果你认为它们指的都是同样的角色和责任未免有点误导人了。事实上,它们所指的角色差别很大,这一点很重要,因为这说明提供学习支持的员工的工作内容很广泛。

自从20世纪80年代起,英国的助教在学校里的日常工作发生了令人瞩目的变化。政府商议后把重点放在了识字和算术上,这使得许多助教承担起了“和教学相关的”职责 – 这样的工作曾经只有合格的老师才可以做。芭芭拉李(2003年,第27页)指出了从“间接支持”(如准备资料和管理资源)到“直接支持”(如与个别孩子和小组的人在一起工作)的变化。

尽管责任有所改变,维护学习环境的工作还是有必要的,因为这样才会有教和学的发生。所以人们会问“如果助教们都花更过的时间帮孩子们学习,这些维护环境的工作由谁来做呢?”你可能会有自己的洞察。其中的一个答案可能是教师、助教、志愿者和孩子们更多地分担了这些工作。

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