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Discovering Ancient Greek and Latin
Discovering Ancient Greek and Latin

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10.5 Practice

First and second declension nouns in the accusative singular almost always end with the letter ‘nu’ (ν).

Table 23 First and second declension nouns, nominative and accusative singular
Case1st declension2nd declension
singular
nominativeτίμη (timē)λόγος (logos)
accusativeτίμην (timēn)λόγον (logon)

Activity 51

Who is the subject in the following sentences, Telemachus or Penelope? (The verb φιλεῖ,philei, means ‘loves’.)

a) Τηλέμαχος φιλεῖ Πηνελόπειαν (Tēlemachos philei Pēnelopeian)

a. 

Telemachos


b. 

Penelope


The correct answer is a.

b) Τηλέμαχον φιλεῖ Πηνελόπεια (Tēlemachon philei Pēnelopeia)

a. 

Telemachos


b. 

Penelope


The correct answer is b.

c) Τηλέμαχος Πηνελόπειαν φιλεῖ (Tēlemachos Pēnelopeian philei)

a. 

Telemachos


b. 

Penelope


The correct answer is a.

Activity 52

Which word could complete the following sentences?

1. φιλεῖ Πηνελόπειαν ________ (philei Pēnelopeian ________ )

a. 

Τηλέμαχον (Tēlemachon)


b. 

Τηλέμαχος (Tēlemachos)


The correct answer is b.

b. 

Yes, the nominative form Τηλέμαχος (Tēlemachos) would provide a subject for φιλεῖ (philei).


2. Τηλέμαχος φιλεῖ ________ (Tēlemachos philei ________ ).

a. 

Πηνελόπεια (Pēnelopeia)


b. 

Πηνελόπειαν (Pēnelopeian)


The correct answer is b.

b. 

Yes, the accusative form Πηνελόπειαν (Pēnelopeian) would provide an object for φιλεῖ (philei).