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Discovering Ancient Greek and Latin
Discovering Ancient Greek and Latin

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5.5 Practice

Nouns in the nominative singular exhibit a great variety of endings, but in the first declension they always end in ‘-a’ and in the second they mostly end in ‘-us’. Nouns in the accusative singular across all declensions almost always end in a vowel followed by the letter ‘m’.

Table 11 First and second declension nouns, nominative and accusative singular
Case1st declension2nd declension
singular
nominativepuellapopulus
accusativepuellampopulum

Activity 27

Who is the subject in the following sentences?

1. Antōnius Cleopatram amat.

a. 

Antony


b. 

Cleopatra


The correct answer is a.

a. 

Yes, Antōnius is in the nominative case and is therefore the subject.


2. Cleopatram Antōnius amat.

a. 

Antony


b. 

Cleopatra


The correct answer is a.

a. 

Yes, Antōnius is in the nominative case and is therefore the subject.


3. Cleopatra Antōnium amat.

a. 

Antony


b. 

Cleopatra


The correct answer is b.

b. 

Yes, Cleopatra is in the nominative case and is therefore the subject.


Activity 28

Which word could complete the following sentences?

1. amat Cleopatram ________.

a. 

Antōnium


b. 

Antōniī


c. 

Antōnius


The correct answer is c.

c. 

Yes, Antōnius is in the nominative case and would therefore provide a subject for amat.


2. Antōnius ________ amat.

a. 

Cleopatra


b. 

Cleopatram


c. 

Cleopatrae


The correct answer is b.

b. 

Yes, Cleopatram is in the accusative case and would therefore provide an object for amat.