4.4.1 English prose: subjects and objects
In order to consolidate your knowledge so far, you will first practise identifying subjects and objects in the context of a passage of English text.
The following passage is about the Roman emperor Gaius, better known as Caligula.
Read through it and identify as many subjects, verbs and objects as you can. You will note that not all of the verbs in the passage have an object. Type your answers in the box provided.
Gaius deprived the noblest men at Rome of their ancient family emblems – Torquatus lost his golden collar, Cincinnatus lost his lock of hair, and Gnaeus Pompeius lost the surname ‘Great’. He invited King Ptolemy to Rome, welcomed him with appropriate honours, and then suddenly ordered his execution, because, at Ptolemy’s entrance into the amphitheatre during a gladiatorial show, his fine purple cloak had attracted universal admiration. And if Gaius encountered a good-looking man with a fine head of hair – he himself was bald – the back of his scalp was brutally shaved.
(Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, Caligula 35; adapted from the translation by R. Graves)
|Gaius||deprived||the [noblest] men|
|Torquatus||lost||his [golden] collar|
|Cincinnatus||lost||his lock [of hair]|
|Gnaeus Pompeius||lost||the surname|
|his [fine purple] cloak||had attracted||[universal] admiration|
|Gaius||encountered||a [good-looking] man|
|the back [of his scalp]||was shaved|