Getting started on classical Latin
Getting started on classical Latin

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Getting started on classical Latin

4.4.1 English prose: subjects and objects

In order to consolidate your knowledge so far, you will first practise identifying subjects and objects in the context of a passage of English text.

Activity 11

The following passage is about the Roman emperor Gaius, better known as Caligula.

Read through it and identify as many subjects, verbs and objects as you can. You will note that not all of the verbs in the passage have an object. Type your answers in the box provided.

Gaius deprived the noblest men at Rome of their ancient family emblems – Torquatus lost his golden collar, Cincinnatus lost his lock of hair, and Gnaeus Pompeius lost the surname ‘Great’. He invited King Ptolemy to Rome, welcomed him with appropriate honours, and then suddenly ordered his execution, because, at Ptolemy’s entrance into the amphitheatre during a gladiatorial show, his fine purple cloak had attracted universal admiration. And if Gaius encountered a good-looking man with a fine head of hair – he himself was bald – the back of his scalp was brutally shaved.

(Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, Caligula 35; adapted from the translation by R. Graves)

Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Answer

SubjectVerbObject
Gaiusdeprivedthe [noblest] men
Torquatuslosthis [golden] collar
Cincinnatuslosthis lock [of hair]
Gnaeus Pompeiuslostthe surname
HeinvitedKing Ptolemy
(He)welcomedhim
(He)orderedhis execution
his [fine purple] cloakhad attracted[universal] admiration
Gaiusencountereda [good-looking] man
(He himself)was
the back [of his scalp]was shaved
A276_2

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371