2.2.2 Model 2: African + Roman= African traits continue to dominate and Roman traits fail to become established (rejection)
This model is more or less the opposite of the first, and the political domination of Rome has little or no effect upon the African people and their culture. Here we might expect to find evidence for politico-military control but little or no evidence for Roman culture or the acceptance of a Roman identity. This is perhaps the model we might expect to encounter in frontier zones at the limits of the Roman empire. It might also prevail in a scenario where a traditional society chose to reinforce its own traditions by explicitly rejecting ‘things Roman’ and consciously promoting its own cultural identity as a counter to Roman influence.