6 Activity 6
Activity 6 Paraphrasing
Paraphrase the following extracts from A force in human history, using the techniques you have explored in this learning bite
1 Acquired immune deficiency syndrome had already claimed over 21 million lives by the start of 2001, including 4.5 million children.
2 The impact of HIV/AIDS on the economies and hence the political stability of heavily affected countries is a major cause for international concern, and is a reminder that an infectious disease still has the potential to alter the course of a country’s history.
3 Past epidemics and the long-term impact of diseases have been among the most potent forces shaping the current global distribution of population and cultures.
Compare your paraphrases with the examples below. Did you select the same main points? Did you use more or fewer synonyms? Did you reorder the information more or less? Do you prefer your paraphrases or the ones below? Why?
- Over 21 million people had died from AIDS by 2001. This paraphrase does not include the reference to children. Whether you need to include it will depend on the purpose of the paraphrase you are writing.
- There is global concern about the effect of HIV/AIDS on both the economies and the balance of power in the most affected countries.
- Today, the spread of peoples and cultures around the world is largely the result of the effect of epidemics and disease.