Beginners’ French: A trip to Avignon
Beginners’ French: A trip to Avignon

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Beginners’ French: A trip to Avignon

Section 2.3

2.3.1 Les nombres, les jours et les dates

In this session, you will be studying numbers, days and dates.

Key Learning Points

  • Using the numbers 20 to 69

  • Talking about dates

  • Pronouncing the sound [ã]

  • Using possessive adjectives: votre, mon, son

  • Using quel, quelle

Activité 19

  • 1. Listen to the following numbers in Extract 52 and repeat in the pauses.

  • Écoutez et répétez.

  • 20 – 30 – 40 – 50 – 60

Écoutez et parlez dans les pauses.

Download this audio clip.Audio player: Audio 14
Audio 14
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).
  • 2. Listen to the numbers in Extract 53 and repeat. What is the recurring pattern?

  • Écoutez et répétez.

  • 21 – 31 – 41 – 51 – 61

Écoutez et parlez dans les pauses.

Download this audio clip.Audio player: Audio 15
Audio 15
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  • 3. Listen to the following numbers in Extract 54 and repeat.

  • Écoutez et répétez.

  • 22 – 33 – 44 – 55 – 66

Écoutez et parlez dans les pauses.

Download this audio clip.Audio player: Audio 16
Audio 16
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).
  • 4. By following the pattern from Extract 54, can you say the following numbers?

  • Comment prononcer les chiffres suivants?

  • 25–37 –56 – 68–43

Answer

  1. Check your answers on the audio and in the transcript below.

  2. 21: vingt et un; 31: trente et un; 41 quarante et un; 51: cinquante et un; 61: soixante et un. Note that for numbers ending in un, you add et between vingt, trente etc. and un .

  3. 22: vingt-deux; 33: trente-trois; 44: quarante-quatre; 55: cinquante-cinq; 66: soixante-six. This time, you just say the vingt, trente etc. and follow it straight away by the second digit.

  4. Following the previous pattern, say the numbers as follows: 25: vingt-cinq; 37: trente-sept; 56: cinquante-six; 68: soixante-huit; 43: quarante-trois

Learning numbers

To learn numbers, you should practise saying them as often as you can. You could read the number plates of cars, do multiplication tables in French, read shop prices to yourself and so on.

Pronouncing the sound [ã]

Some of the numbers you have been learning contain the nasal vowel [ã]:

trente, quarante, cinquante, soixante, Cent
30 40 50 60 100

The sound [ã] is heard in some months and days of the week:

  • months: janvier, septembre, novembre

  • days of the week: vendredi (Friday), dimanche (Sunday)

English speakers often have difficulty in distinguishing between [ã], as in cancan (a type of dance) and [5] as in bonbon (sweet). For example, when you listened to Extrait 51 you may have noticed these two sounds in the phrase centre d'Art contemporain.

Examples of this sound are recorded in Extract 55.

Extrait 55: écoutez et répétez:

Download this audio clip.Audio player: Audio 17
Audio 17
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