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Intermediate Spanish: A trip across Latin America
Intermediate Spanish: A trip across Latin America

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1.1 Diccionarios y pronósticos del tiempo

El diccionario es una herramienta muy útil. Hay dos usos principales:

  • Para comprender: buscar palabras que no se conocen, que se han escuchado o leído, o para confirmar significados, por ejemplo, un significado que se ha deducido del contexto.
  • Para producir: buscar palabras para expresar las propias ideas al escribir o al hablar; buscar ortografía; gramática, confirmar el significado, etc.

El uso de un diccionario monolingüe es recomendable.

It is very important that you get to know your monolingual dictionary well. Study its characteristics, the user instructions given and the abbreviations used in the dictionary. Look at how the different sections in each entry are organised into the different meanings and remember to choose the best meaning or definition carefully, depending on the context of the word you are looking up. Entries may give very valuable information about the type of word, the register (formal, familiar, jargon, slang, etc.) and the different ways it is used in different countries or areas of the world.

Actividad 2

Timing: 10 minutos

Antes de salir de viaje es imprescindible comprobar el pronóstico del tiempo (weather forecast). Para familiarizarte con vocabulario sobre clima y tiempo atmosférico, lee las palabras de abajo y busca en un diccionario las que no entiendas. Después escucha los seis avisos sobre el tiempo de las noticias. ¿Qué DOS elementos de la lista no se mencionan?

inundaciones — vientos huracanados — nevadas — ola de calor — tormentas tropicales — bajas temperaturas — lluvias torrenciales — sequía

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Listen to the recordings and find the TWO phrases that are not mentioned in the six weather warning messages.

a. 

tormentas tropicales


b. 

inundaciones


c. 

vientos huracanados


d. 

nevadas


e. 

ola de calor


f. 

bajas temperaturas


g. 

lluvias torrenciales


h. 

sequía


The correct answers are a and g.