Beginners’ Spanish: Getting around
Beginners’ Spanish: Getting around

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Beginners’ Spanish: Getting around

1.3 Actividad

Vocabulario

puente(el) bridge
inacabado unfinished
jardines (los) gardens

ADJECTIVE ENDINGS (NUMBER)

Adjectives also change their ending according to whether the nouns they accompany are singular or plural:

  • el edifici o modern o los edifici os modern os

  • la cas a modern a las cas as modern as

If the noun is plural, like los edificios or las casas, the adjective takes a plural ending. The plural of an adjective is formed by adding - s to a vowel ending or - es to a consonant:

  • las casa s pequeña s los país es grande s

  • los complejos cultural es las actividad es espectacular es

Actividad 1.3

1 Complete the gaps using -o, -a, -os, -as, -es, as appropriate.

Complete las frases.

  • (a) La Catedral de Burgos es un edificio antigu___.

  • (b) El puente de Calatrava es una construcción modern___.

  • (c) La Sagrada Familia es una iglesia inacabad___.

  • (d) Las fiestas de Valencia son espectacular___.

  • (e) Los jardines del Turia son precios___.

  • (f) El Museo de las Ciencias “Príncipe Felipe” y el Hemisférico son edificios enorm___.

2 Now listen to the track and practise changing the adjective endings to make them agree with the nouns.

Escuche y participe.

Download this audio clip.Audio player: Adjective endings
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Transcript: Adjective endings

Raquel
Pista 37
William
Now you are going to make sentences by linking the words that you hear and changing them appropriately. Listen to the example first.
Raquel
Construya frases
Raquel
Ejemplo
Fernando/Maria
La ciudad/moderno
Juan Carlos
La ciudad es modernA
Raquel
Ahora Ud...
Raquel
a)
Fernando/Maria
la catedral/antiguo <pause>
Mariluz
La catedral es antigua
Raquel
b)
Fernando/Maria
La fuente/precioso <pause>
Juan Carlos
La fuente es preciosa
Raquel
c)
Fernando/Maria
los parques/tranquilo <pause>
Mariluz
Los parques son tranquilos
Raquel
d)
Fernando/Maria
Las casas/bonito
Juan Carlos
Las casas son bonitas
Raquel
e)
Fernando/Maria
los restaurantes/bueno <pause>
Juan Carlos
Los restaurantes son buenos
Raquel
f)
Fernando/Maria
Los edificios/feo <pause>
Mariluz
Los edificios son modernos
Raquel
g)
Fernando/Maria
El cine/grande <pause>
Juan Carlos
El cine es grande
End transcript: Adjective endings
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Adjective endings
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Answer

  1.  

    • (a) La Catedral de Burgos es un edificio antiguo.

    • (b) El puente de Calatrava es una construcción moderna.

    • (c) La Sagrada Familia es una iglesia inacabada.

    • (d) Las fiestas de Valencia son espectaculares.

    • (e) Los jardines del Turia son preciosos.

    • (f) El Museo de las Ciencias “Príncipe Felipe” y el Hemisférico son edificios enormes.

L194_1

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