The UK is considered to have a welfare state, i.e. where government takes responsibility for health and social care for all its citizens. It was originally perceived as a system whereby services would be provided free and paid for by national insurance: the concept of free services has been eroded over the decades since it was first conceived in the Beveridge Report of 1942.
Denotes a defining moment of post-war mass migration of people from the Caribbean to the UK. The term comes from the British ship SS Empire Windrush, which arrived in Essex in 1948 with the first group of Caribbean migrants.